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Chapter 28 Summary

A Job-Horse and His Drivers

Black Auster had always been driven by people who knew how to manage a horse and a cart; now, though, he is experiencing drivers who have no knowledge or skill. He is a “job-horse,” hired out to all sorts of people. Because he is a good-tempered and gentle horse, he is more often hired out to bad drivers because he can be relied upon to treat them well despite their ignorance and ineptitude.

Some of the inexperienced drivers hold the reigns too tightly. They seem to think a successful driver must hold the reins as hard as he can, never relaxing the tension on the horse’s mouth or allowing him any freedom of movement. This may be necessary with horses whose mouths have been desensitized by rough treatment, but other horses are easily guided; tight reins are tormenting, and their continuous use is a stupid practice. Other inexperienced drivers hold the reins too loosely; if anything happens unexpectedly, they are not able to control their horses or their carriages. Black Auster prefers this kind of driver, as he does not depend on his drivers for guidance and direction; however, there is some security in knowing the driver could take effective action if necessary—and that he has not fallen asleep. Slovenly driving allows some horses to become lazy, and they often have to be whipped, literally, back into their good habits.

These careless drivers are also...

(The entire section is 491 words.)