John H. Smith (essay date fall 1987)
SOURCE: Smith, John H. “Cultivating Gender: Sexual Difference, Bildung, and the Bildungsroman.” Michigan Germanic Studies 13, no. 2 (fall 1987): 206-25.
[In the following essay, Smith suggests that Bildungsromane rarely end happily because they are characterized to some extent by the protagonist's unfulfilled desire in relation to a female other. The critic also maintains that Bildungsromane necessarily have a male protagonist because the genre requires that the hero have full access to (patriarchal) societal structures.]
I. ANALYSIS BEYOND GENRE
An MLA special session (New York, 1986)—“Generic Fiction or...
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