Context: Job, a good and God-fearing man, lives in the land of Uz. He is a man "perfect and upright." He is blessed by God with much wealth, "so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east." He is also blessed with seven sons and three daughters. But there comes a time when Satan approaches the throne of God. He tells God that Job is a worshiper of God only in prosperity, that Job will, if plunged into adversity, turn to cursing God. Satan's challenge is met; God grants Satan permission to try Job with evil, saying that Job himself must not be harmed. Soon after a messenger arrives at Job's home to tell him that the Sabeans have stolen all his oxen and asses and have killed all the servants who guarded them. Hard on the heels of the first messenger comes a second, to tell Job that all his camels have been stolen by three bands of Chaldeans, who slew the servants in charge of the animals. Yet a third messenger arrives, to tell how a great wind came howling out of the wilderness to cave in the roof of the house belonging to Job's eldest son, killing all the sons and daughters of Job, who were gathered together for a feast. Thus, at the hands of Satan, Job is given his trial; but being a just and good man he only groans at the happenings, and does not curse God as Satan predicted he would. Job neither sins against God, nor does he blame God for what has happened:
Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped,
And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD.
In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly.