Context: Job, a righteous man in the land of Uz, has lost his wealth and children and felt the torture of sores on his body as a result of a challenge that Satan has put to God. Refusing to curse God, but lamenting his condition and maintaining his innocence, Job hears out the arguments of Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, concerning his guilt, but rejects their condemnation of him. Elihu, dismissing the three men as incapable of convincing the sufferer, argues that pain serves to warn the sinner, that Job has sinned by judging God, that God cannot commit evil, and that man cannot understand the magnitude of the Almighty. Finally, from the whirlwind, God speaks to Job, reminding him of his insignificance and asking:
Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? . . .
Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;
When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?