Context: Jesus, in the Beatitudes in the Sermon on the Mount, explains that the Kingdom of Heaven is gained by those who trust in God. Declaring that the Son has come not to destroy the old law, but to fulfill it, He teaches the people how to live a virtuous life. He exhorts them to give alms secretly and to pray secretly and to dismiss the material things of this world as of no significance. The Almighty, He says, cares for all of his creation. In dealing with his fellow man, the virtuous one is warned not to be harshly critical, because God will judge him as he himself has judged:
Judge not, that ye be not judged.
For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.