Beyond God the Father

by Mary Daly

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Last Updated on September 5, 2023, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 286

C. Kilmer Myers is an Episcopal bishop who said that women could not be ordained. His reasoning was that Jesus was a man. He said this in 1972, and Daly points to this as an example of gender inequality.

Eve is a biblical figure who was responsible for the expulsion of people from the Garden of Eden. Daly discusses how women are demonized because of the supposed actions of Eve. One of her arguments is that this position leads to women having guilt and anxiety because of Eve's actions rather than their own.

Jesus is a biblical figure. Daly argues that Christianity encourages identification with Jesus and that it’s impossible for women to identify completely because he’s a male savior. She says that because women can’t emulate the savior, they "are plunged more deeply into victimization."

God is another biblical figure discussed in great detail. Daly explains that because God is portrayed as a man, it affects how people who follow the religion treat women. It means that women don't have an authority to identify with.

Matina Horner is mentioned as someone whose work shows that women often have a fear of success. Daly relates this to a sense of false humility that stems from the gendering of original sin.

Margaret Murray is cited as saying that the words witch and wit are related. Though the specific etymology of witch is uncertain, Murray contends that it shares the Germanic root word for "to know" with wit.

Leonard Swidler is an essayist. Daly cites work of his that argues that Jesus was a feminist. She says that his view is important because he works hard to be historically accurate and to maintain "continuity with tradition."

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