Beowulf List of Words and Phrases not in General Use

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List of Words and Phrases not in General Use

ATHELING—Prince, nobleman.

BAIRN—Son, child.

BARROW—Mound, rounded hill, funeral-mound.

BATTLE-SARK—Armor.

BEAKER—Cup, drinking-vessel.

BEGEAR—Prepare.

BIGHT—Bay, sea.

BILL—Sword.

BOSS—Ornamental projection.

BRACTEATE—A round ornament on a necklace.

BRAND—Sword.

BURN—Stream.

BURNIE—Armor.

CARLE—Man, hero.

EARL—Nobleman, any brave man.

EKE—Also.

EMPRISE—Enterprise, undertaking.

ERST—Formerly.

ERST-WORTHY—Worthy for a long time past.

FAIN—Glad.

FERRY—Bear, carry.

FEY—Fated, doomed.

FLOAT—Vessel, ship.

FOIN—To lunge (Shaks.).

GLORY OF KINGS—God.

GREWSOME—Cruel, fierce.

HEFT—Handle, hilt; used by synecdoche for ‘sword.’

HELM—Helmet, protector.

HENCHMAN—Retainer, vassal.

HIGHT—Am (was) named.

HOLM—Ocean, curved surface of the sea.

HIMSEEMED—(It) seemed to him.

LIEF—Dear, valued.

MERE—Sea; in compounds, ‘mere-ways,’ ‘mere-currents,’ etc.

MICKLE—Much.

NATHLESS—Nevertheless.

NAZE—Edge (nose).

NESS—Edge.

NICKER—Sea-beast.

QUIT, QUITE—Requite.

RATHE—Quickly.

REAVE—Bereave, deprive.

SAIL-ROAD—Sea.

SETTLE—Seat, bench.

SKINKER—One who pours.

SOOTHLY—Truly.

SWINGE—Stroke, blow.

TARGE, TARGET—Shield.

THROUGHLY—Thoroughly.

TOLD—Counted.

UNCANNY—Ill-featured, grizzly.

UNNETHE—Difficult.

WAR-SPEED—Success in war.

WEB—Tapestry (that which is ‘woven’).

WEEDED—Clad (cf. widow’s weeds).

WEEN—Suppose, imagine.

WEIRD—Fate, Providence.

WHILOM—At times, formerly, often.

WIELDER—Ruler. Often used of God; also in compounds, as ‘Wielder of Glory,’ ‘Wielder of Worship.’

WIGHT—Creature.

WOLD—Plane, extended surface.

WOT—Knows.

YOUNKER—Youth.