Benjamin Franklin Bache Criticism - Essay

William Cobbett (essay date 1798)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Cobbett, William. “The Detection of Bache; or French Diplomatic Skill Developed. Very necessary to be kept in all Families in Town and Country.” Early American Imprints, first series, no. 33524, 1955-83.

[In following essay, originally published in 1798, Cobbett criticizes Bache for what he argues were deceptive actions surrounding Bache's publication of a letter from Talleyrand, the foreign affairs minister of France.]

On Saturday, the 16th inst. Bache (the grandson of Old Franklin) published a Letter from Talleyrand, the French minister for Foreign affairs, to the American Envoys at Paris. This letter was evidently calculated, not for the perusal of the...

(The entire section is 679 words.)

Bernard Faÿ (essay date 1930)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Faÿ, Bernard. “Benjamin Franklin Bache, A Democratic Leader of the Eighteenth Century.” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society 40, no. 2 (October 1930): 277-304.

[In the following essay, Faÿ offers a biographical sketch of Bache, discussing his political writings and his importance as a publisher. He also relates Bache's work to the theories of his grandfather, Benjamin Franklin, and places Bache in historical context.]

The glory of the years 1770-1785 overshadows the period of the administrations of Washington and Adams.1 A military victory and a triumphant peace appear more impressive than any political achievement or any social...

(The entire section is 9816 words.)

James Morton Smith (essay date 1953)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Smith, James Morton. “The Aurora and the Alien and Sedition Laws: Part 1, The Editorship of Benjamin Franklin Bache.” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 77, no. 1 (January 1953): 3-23.

[In the following essay, Smith describes the events surrounding Bache's activities as a journalist, his arrest in 1798 for sedition, and the contemporary reaction.]

The chief target of the Sedition Law of 1798 was Benjamin Franklin Bache, namesake of his illustrious grandfather and editor of the Philadelphia Aurora, the nation's most influential Republican newspaper.1 So anxious were the Federalists to bring him to “condign...

(The entire section is 8247 words.)

James D. Tagg (essay date 1976)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Tagg, James D. “Benjamin Franklin Bache's Attack on George Washington.” The Pennsylvania of History and Biography 100, no. 2 (April 1976): 191-230.

[In the following essay, Tagg outlines Bache's writings critical of President George Washington, focusing on how Bache's background influenced his work, his motivation in attacking Washington, and the development of his opinion of Washington.]

It is common knowledge that during his second administration George Washington was severely attacked by radical opposition journalists. Serious attacks on the President began with Washington's Proclamation of Neutrality in 1793 and increased with the Genêt affair of that...

(The entire section is 15034 words.)

Karen K. List (essay date 1985)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: List, Karen. “Two Party Papers' Political Coverage of Women in the New Republic.” Critical Studies in Mass Communication 2, no. 2 (June 1985):152-65.

[In the following essay, List discusses how Bache and rival newspaperman from Philadelphia William Cobbett treated the topics of women and politics in their publications.]

The decade of the 1790s was a time of transition for men and women in the new American republic. As newly formed parties brought politics to a fever pitch and dramatically shaped the future of American government, changes also were stirring in the nature of society itself and in the perception of women's roles. While the political changes...

(The entire section is 6874 words.)

Jeffery A. Smith (essay date 1988)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Smith, Jeffery A. “The Enlightenment Education of Benjamin Franklin Bache.” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 112, no. 4 (October 1988): 483-501.

[In the following essay, Smith discusses the influence of Bache's education in Europe, as well as of the ideas of his grandfather, Benjamin Franklin, on his career as a journalist and on his political beliefs.]

Unlike the newspaper writers of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, early American journalists were sporadic writers. A few sought publicity for themselves, but most preferred to be anonymous or used pseudonyms. They thus avoided possible embarrassment or legal retribution and left...

(The entire section is 6944 words.)

James D. Tagg (essay date 1988)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Tagg, James D. “The Limits of Republicanism: The Reverend Charles Nisbet, Benjamin Franklin Bache, and the French Revolution.” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 112, no. 4 (October 1988): 503-43.

[In the excerpt that follows, Tagg considers Bache's early life, especially his relationship with his grandfather, and its effect on his views on the French Revolution, liberty, sovereignty, and other political ideas of the time.]

For more than two decades, a great transformation has been taking place in our understanding of the nature and evolution of late eighteenth-century American republicanism. Before the late 1960s, historians generally saw...

(The entire section is 8676 words.)

Jeffery A. Smith (essay date 1988)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Smith. Jeffery A. “The Revolutionary Journalist: The Court of the Press.” In Printers and Press Freedom: The Ideology of Early American Journalism, pp. 142-61. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

[In the following excerpt, Smith discusses Bache as a journalist and printer, describing Benjamin Franklin's role in setting him up in the business as well as in his political activities.]

The main target of Federalist wrath in 1798 was Benjamin Franklin Bache, a man who had been introduced into the printing trade by his grandfather, Benjamin Franklin. A Jeffersonian editor in Philadelphia, Bache was educated under Franklin's supervision. He became a...

(The entire section is 3096 words.)

Jeffery A. Smith (essay date 1990)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: Smith, Jeffery A. “World Revolution and American Reform.” In Franklin and Bache: Envisioning the Enlightened Republic, pp. 111-33. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

[In the excerpt that follows, Smith focuses on Bache's newspaper and publishing activities, describing the evolution of his goals as a publisher, the content of his publications, and his political and social beliefs.]

In the first few months of publication, Benjamin Franklin Bache attempted to follow his announced plans for making the General Advertiser an educational newspaper. The second issue, for instance, had articles on calculating erosion and checking the quality of...

(The entire section is 10198 words.)

James Tagg (essay date 1991)

(Literary Criticism (1400-1800))

SOURCE: “A Democratic Society, 1794-1795,” in Benjamin Franklin Bache and the Philadelphia Aurora, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991, pp. 205-38.

[In the following essay, Tagg considers Bache's discussion of civic, social and domestic issues in his newspaper and how his activities in Democratic Societies influenced this content. Tagg argues that Bache saw the societies as another way to shape pubic opinion.]

If a law is obnoxious to any part of the country, let the citizens there petition for its repeal, expose its defects, or injustice through the medium of the press; let them change their representation, put into their legislature...

(The entire section is 13768 words.)