De Fiori, Vittorio E. Mussolini: The Man of Destiny. Translated by Mario A. Pei. New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, 1928, 222 p.
Biography focusing on Mussolini's victories in his early years of power.
Fermi, Laura. Mussolini. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961, 477 p.
Attempts to reexamine Mussolini, particularly “the traits that make a dictator and the forces that mold him and allow him to rise.”
Kirkpatrick, Ivone. Mussolini: Study of a Demagogue. London: Odhams Books, Ltd., 1964, 669 p.
Undertakes a balanced but somewhat sympathetic portrait of Mussolini.
Smith, Denis Mack. Mussolini. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1981, 429 p.
Presents a political biography of Mussolini.
Carr, Albert. “Mussolini Strikes against Democracy.” In Men of Power: A Book of Dictators, pp. 179-97. Revised edition. New York: Viking Press, 1956.
Focuses on Mussolini's talent for propaganda and for dramatizing Italy's political and economic situation in order to sway the Italian people to his side.
Gregor, A. James. Young Mussolini and the Intellectual Origins of Fascism. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979, 271 p.
Examines Mussolini as a political thinker, noting especially his origins as a significant force in the Italian socialist movement and its effect on his later development and leadership of fascism.
Hoyt, Edwin P. Mussolini's Empire: The Rise and Fall of the Fascist Vision. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1994, 298 p.
Presents a sympathetic analysis of Mussolini and his policies.
Ludwig, Emil. Talks with Mussolini. Translated by Eden and Cedar Paul. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1933, 230 p.
Compiles conversations the author had with Mussolini at the Palazzo di Venezia in Rome in 1932.
Salter, Arthur. “Benito Mussolini: The Technique of a Dictator.” In Personality in Politics: Studies of Contemporary Statesmen, pp. 226-88. London: Faber and Faber, 1947.
Argues that Mussolini's early policies were sound and his popular appeal justified, but that he was ultimately corrupted by his desire for power.
Taylor, A. J. P. “Dictator without a Cause.” In Politics in Wartime, and Other Essays, pp. 196-201. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1964.
Contends that Mussolini was an ineffective, impotent leader who, despite his imposing reputation, did little to improve or modernize Italy.
Additional information about Mussolini's life and career is contained in the following source published by the Gale Group: Contemporary Authors, Vol. 116.