Behaving Like a Jew

by Gerald Stern
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The Poem

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Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 460

Gerald Stern’s “Behaving Like a Jew” is a short lyric poem, twenty-eight lines of free verse in one stanza. It might better be called a lyric meditation, or even an elegy. The poem opens with a simple past-tense description of the body of a dead opossum. It looked like “an enormous baby sleeping on the road.” However, the wind was blowing through its hair, making it appear lifelike, and the speaker is overcome with an overwhelming feeling of sadness, something he terms his “animal sorrow.” This is physical sorrow, expressed by the body, a genuine mourning.

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The poem shifts into the present tense (“I am sick of the country”) as he laments the ever-present roadkill, the generic deaths that leave bloodstained bumpers and lifeless birds at the edge of the highway. The speaker realizes that he is unwilling to simply note this one small death and go on. He is “sick” of the spirit of Charles Lindbergh, what he calls “that joy in death, that philosophical/ understanding of carnage.” In opposition to a predominantly Christian world, he decides that he will, in effect, weep and wail, that he will treat it for what it is—the singular death of a singular living creature—without recourse to a concept of an afterlife. Beginning with the poem’s only short sentence, set off with a dash, the poet self-consciously announces what he is going to do:

—I am going to be unappeased at the opossum’s death.I am going to behave like a Jewand touch his face, and stare into his eyes,and pull him off the road.

The poem has shifted to a hypothetical future in which the speaker contemplates how he is “going to” behave like a Jew. He thinks about how he will not stand at the side of the road and “praise the beauty and the balance,” how he will refuse to think of this as part of a long, natural progression. He will refuse to give credence to the concept of immortality. Instead, he will touch the body and note its “fingers” and its “whiskers” and its “little dancing feet.”

The poet will grieve this particular death, and he will not call on a higher power for sustenance. The poem becomes lamentation. Yet, through its description, the opossum is seen as a Jew, and the speaker has manifested his grief in a traditional Jewish manner. The poet laments the death not only of the opossum but also of millions of victims throughout centuries of oppression. The poet will not be reconciled by doctrine or faith, and yet, almost against his will, the poem reconciles its imagery and associations. The speaker may have refused to praise beauty and balance, but he ends up praising life itself.

Forms and Devices

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Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 536

Stern’s poetry is characterized by its idiosyncratic voice—one any reader could recognize instantly as belonging to him alone. Exuberant and celebratory, it is a voice that always seems to come from the most visceral center of the man: To read his books is to accompany the poet on a sort of spiritual autobiography. This voice is not that of a confessional persona pretending to “tell all”; what is most amazing perhaps is that it does not invite or even seem to need the reader. Readers participate fully, but as bystanders. The voice performs, and the reader follows.

Stern’s expansive voice is achieved through an associative method of progression. What one sees is the process—a scattering of real moments and personal connections, a twist of synapses, then further observation, odd pairings that lead to new ideas. The effect is that of spontaneous thought. “Behaving Like a Jew” is no exception. There is a complicated mix of tenses so that chronological time becomes somewhat meaningless. The poem begins in the past but soon resorts to the participle, what could be called speculative time: an imagined space in which Stern thinks his way into an imagined action. Stern uses a number of repetitive moves (“I am sickI am sickI am goingI am goingI am not going”) to identify the trajectory of his thought. Thus the poem is able to contain the long past (the past of Lindbergh, the past of the Holocaust) as it spirals inward to where self and history are intimates.

“Behaving Like a Jew” is filled with implicit dualities. The opossum comes from the “animal” world, and yet it is given human characteristics. The image of the baby is reestablished to complete the identification with its “fingers” and “feet.” The addition of the adjectives (“round,” “curved,” “black,” “little,” “dancing”) makes the opossum even more fully human. Stern’s choice of the word “dancing”—and the emotions it conveys—breathes life back into what was dead.

There is nothing the speaker can do in the circumstances, and yet he decides on a course of action. However, this action takes place only inside his head. Thought itself is at stake, presenting alternative ways of approaching the subject. So Stern balances fact with idea. He gives readers detail, beginning with the hole in the back of the opossum, the “stiff hairs sticking out of the grilles” of automobiles, the Toyotas and Chevys going sixty miles an hour, all leading inevitably to the fact of those little fingers and feet. He constantly couples these details with abstractions—the “spirit” of Lindbergh, “philosophical” understanding, concepts of beauty and balance, and the “immortal lifestream.” The poem wavers between the real and the conceptual, between the here and the hereafter.

The cadence is that of the spoken voice—narrative, sometimes digressive, good-humored, bemused—heightened through the use of poetic devices. Even the alliteration seems easy, almost natural, as the intervals of sound stretch from line to line (“bloodstained bumpers,” “stiffsticking,” “carnageconcentration,” “beautybalance,” “stillstiffnessstill,” “fingersfeet”). The reader is never consciously aware of the deliberate choice of words, and yet the choice has the subtle effect of charging the language so that it can accommodate the enlarged meanings of the poem.

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