Style and Technique

(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

“The Beggar Maid” is the fifth in a series of ten stories about Flo and Rose. It appears in a collection with their names as a subtitle, and is the title story in the American edition (1979) and the British edition (1980). The original Canadian edition (1978) takes its equally suggestive title from the last story, “Who Do You Think You Are?” Alice Munro uses this technique of interconnected stories in other volumes, moving more than one reviewer to wonder whether she is writing novels rather than story collections. Each of her stories stands perfectly well on its own, but all belong to the larger fictional world of Hanratty, Ontario—much as William Faulkner’s stories are about the people in a fictional Mississippi county. “The Beggar Maid” first appeared on its own in The New Yorker, but it has definite connections to the stories that come before and after it in Munro’s collection. In “White Swans,” Rose makes her first trip to Toronto after winning an essay competition, with Flo’s warnings about white slavers ringing in her ears and the new surroundings being defined in contrast to the old. In “Mischief,” Rose falls in love with a married man while she is still married to Patrick.

The whole cycle of stories, as one might call it, extends from Hanratty into the world at large and back again in Rose’s memories. The first story gets its title from Flo’s curiously poetic threats to Rose: “Royal Beatings.” The last gets its title from Flo’s nagging question: “Who Do You Think You Are?” Rose narrates all these stories, but she has learned the art of...

(The entire section is 657 words.)


(Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

Franzen, Jonathan. “Alice’s Wonderland.” The New York Times Book Review, November 14, 2004, 1, 14-16.

Howells, Coral Ann. Alice Munro. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 1998.

McCulloch, Jeanne, and Mona Simpson. “The Art of Fiction CXXXVII.” Paris Review 131 (Summer, 1994): 226-264.

Moore, Lorrie. “Leave Them and Love Them.” The Atlantic Monthly 294, no. 5 (December, 2004): 125.

Munro, Sheila. Lives of Mothers and Daughters: Growing Up with Alice Munro. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 2001.

Ross, Catherine Sheldrick. Alice Munro: A Double Life. Toronto: ECW Press, 1992.

Simpson, Mona. “A Quiet Genius.” The Atlantic Monthly 288, no. 5 (December, 2001): 126.