The Battle of Bunker Hill

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Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill important?

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The Battle of Bunker Hill, fought even before the Revolutionary War began, was a pivotal moment in American history. It demonstrated to both the British and the colonists that the upcoming war would be a challenging conflict. The colonists, despite losing the hill due to lack of ammunition, gained confidence in their ability to stand against the British army. The battle also served as a training ground for the inexperienced American troops, teaching them the importance of adequate firepower and strategic positioning.

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The Battle of Bunker Hill was an important battle even though it was fought over a year before the Revolutionary War began. It sent a strong message to both the British and the colonists what the upcoming Revolutionary War would be like.

The colonists had the advantage of the location at the Battle of Bunker Hill. The colonists controlled the hill, which is usually an advantage in a battle. However, the British had more supplies and weapons than the colonists had. It took the British three tries to capture the Bunker Hill, which in reality was Breed’s Hill. The British captured the hill only because the colonists ran out of ammunition.

This battle was important because it sent a message to both the sides. The colonists began to believe they could fight against the British army and be successful against them. They gained confidence from this battle because their loss was caused by a lack of ammunition. The colonists believed they would do well fighting against the British army. The British began to realize this was not going to such an easy conflict to fight. If the British believed they would go into the colonies and fight and win the war quickly, this battle sent them a message that would not be the case.

This battle, while occurring a year before the Declaration of Independence was issued, was important because of the messages it sent to both sides.

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The battle of Bunker hill was among the first important battles that was waged for American independence. It was important because it was used as training ground for what was to come by the inexperienced American troops against the experienced British Army.

The battle also points to tactics that were used by a weaker force to outwit a superior force. This comes after the American troops built dirt walls which posed a major challenge for the British troops to breach. The walls also helped the American troops to successfully attack the British troops who were coming up the hill.

The dirt hill helped for a while but the Americans ran out of ammunition and were finally defeated by the British troops a victory that came at a great cost for the British. The American troops learnt that they needed enough firepower to support their tactics. This battle gave the American troops confidence that they would eventually win the war.

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The main importance of the Battle of Bunker Hill was that it made it clear that the Revolution was going to be a long and drawn-out war that could not be easily ended.

This was the first pitched battle of the Revolution.  The battles at Lexington and Concord had been mere skirmishes that would not have convinced the British that they were in for a long war.  But Bunker Hill was different.  This was a formal battle on open ground.  The fact that the Americans held their own (they lost the battle in that they had to retreat, but they inflicted tremendous casualties on the British) showed that they would not be easily defeated even by the formidable British Army.

The Battle of Bunker Hill did not change the course of the war.  It simply made clear that a war would happen and that it would be difficult for the British to win.

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Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill important?

The Battle of Bunker Hill, though it did not accomplish anything strategically for either the Americans or the British, can be said to have had primarily a kind of psychological importance. Though the British had been defeated two months earlier at Concord, this had been one of those situations (which continued to occur throughout the war) in which they were unprepared for the unorthodox tactics used by the American rebels. The British were not exactly repulsed at Concord Bridge, but during the retreat to Boston, they were repeatedly ambushed by Americans firing at them from farmhouses and concealed positions all along the route. The British believed that if they could confront the rebels in open battle, in a situation more or less replicating European-style set piece battles, they would easily defeat them and quickly bring the rebellion to an end.

At Bunker Hill (actually Breed's Hill), this did not happen. The British had to make multiple charges up the hill, taking a shocking number of casualties, before finally making the American position collapse. This set a pattern, in a way, for much of the warfare over the next six and a half years until the final major confrontation at Yorktown. The British were able to defeat the Americans in open battle, but the cost of doing so was enormous. The British were not prepared to suffer such a high number of casualties or to make the enormous (and expensive, not simply in human terms) effort required to put down the rebellion. This was true especially in view of the fact that much of Parliament, and even many of the British military, were not enthusiastic about prosecuting the war in the first place. The Whig party was sympathetic to the Americans and believed that the rights of the colonists as fellow Englishmen had been violated. Eventually the war dragged on year after year with the rebellion no closer to being put down in 1781 than it had been in 1775.

Bunker Hill, though a British "victory," achieved nothing strategically. It merely inflamed the Americans even more and—given the bombardment that set the town of Charlestown into flames during the battle—demonstrated to them the ruthlessness with which the King and his administration intended to quash the rebellion. Within a year of Bunker Hill, the British were forced to evacuate Boston, with no end to the fighting in sight.

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Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill significant to The American Revolution?

In a word, Inspiration! The Battle of Bunker Hill (technically on Breed's Hill in Charlestown, MA) occurred on June 17, 1775 when General Gage, the British Commander, unwisely ordered a frontal attack on the colonist's makeshift, but strategic fort overlooking Boston Harbor.  The British, the most powerful military force in the world at the time, were to engage the poorly trained and equipped colonial militia.  Although not the first armed conflict between Colonist and Briton, this battle proved to be one of the bloodiest in the war.  The Colonists, outnumbered and outgunned, were eventually forced to retreat, and the British took the possession, but only after suffering nearly 1100 casualties to the Colonist's 400. Although a shocked King George responded by declaring the colonies in a state of rebellion, the most important significance of the battle was the realization by Britain that they were in for a long hard fight, and concurrently, the inspiration created among the Americans by realizing their volunteer militia inflicted nearly 3 to 1 casualties on the best army in the world. The battle gave the Americans the will to take on the British, and possibly even win! "Win the Battle, Lose the War."

Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th ed., vol. 4,  pg. 799. 

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Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill significant to The American Revolution?

Prior to the Battle of Bunker Hill ( Breed's Hill) the British were unsure of their combat status. Was the crown at war or was it an isolated occurance in Boston??? Make no mistake, during The Battle of Bunker Hill, the colonials in Boston were at war with England. The Patriots paid dearly for their principles, however the Patriots delievered severe blows on the British. As a result, The Battle of Bunker Hill if for nothing else, informed King George that there was a fight, and the Continential Congress was not about to concede.

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