(Critical Edition of Young Adult Fiction)

Galarza’s Barrio Boy is a chronological narrative of the events leading up to his entrance into high school, but it lacks the action and tension of a fully fictionalized story. It is an outward-looking autobiography, sharing little of the author’s inner feelings as he grows up, reading like an encyclopedic description of the various places that he lived during these sixteen years. The adolescent reader will be able to visualize, almost to the smallest detail, each home, village, train car, and street experienced by Galarza.

From the rich descriptions, it would be easy to draw pictures or build models of life in the mountain pueblo of Jalcocotán, the cities of Tepic and Mazatlán, or the Sacramento barrio. Jalcocotán was a small village of adobe cottages built on both sides of an arroyo, which carried fresh melted snow water down the mountain year-round. It was an isolated pueblo, tucked in a gully between two narrow rocky entrances, which provided protection from both enemies and hurricanes. Galarza was enthralled with Tepic, a busy town with a wonderful market, cathedral, central park, and electric lights at the fiesta. In the Sacramento barrios, he attended school and met Japanese, Chinese, Filipino, Portuguese, Italian, Polish, and African-American students. He ran errands, sold newspapers on the corner, and worked various jobs around the wharves.

The young adult reader who likes extensively detailed description will be fascinated by his tale, but the reader searching for the inner psychological story of a boy fleeing the Mexican Revolution and adjusting to life in the United States may be discouraged. Galarza recounts the escape from Jalcocotán, the fighting around Tepic, the stagecoach and train rides through fighting armies, and life in the besieged city of Mazatlán, with cannon fire landing all around his house. Yet he shares very little of his own emotion, or that of others, during these life-threatening...

(The entire section is 798 words.)