Bailey's Café Bailey’s Café - Essay

Gloria Naylor

Bailey’s Café

(Critical Survey of Contemporary Fiction)

BAILEY’S CAFE has a different quality from that of Gloria Naylor’s first book, THE WOMEN OF BREWSTER PLACE, a slice of urban realism which established her reputation. While she continues to use a wealth of detail in order to bring her settings and her characters to live, in this new novelNaylor has overlaid her realism with magic. For example, the cafe where her characters gather seems to have no specific geographical location; it is as accessible to a fleeing Ethiopian child as to a native of Chicago. Similarly, while Eve’s bordello can always be reached from the front of the cafe, the back door opens variously on scenes from the past and on a great dark void.

In each chapter of BAILEY’S CAFE, Naylor has a different character recount his or her life story, a story marked by failure and terminating at Bailey’s Cafe or at Eve’s place of business. What is clear from each of the accounts is that these outcasts are all motivated by universal human needs. It was the yearning for love which drove Sadie to obsessive cleanliness, then to alcohol, and which caused Jesse Bell, when snubbed by her husband’s family, to take to drugs; it was laudable ambition which eventually drove the well-educated black man, “Miss” Maple, to work in a bordello, which had been established by a woman who herself had fled from Delta dust in hopes of finding a better life.

The reminiscences of these victims of human selfishness, lust, cruelty, and indifference are heartbreaking. However, what makes BAILEY’S CAFE most impressive is not Naylor’s vivid accounts of her characters’ sufferings, but her emphasis on their will to endure. Through her magical vision, Gloria Naylor has revealed both the humanity of her outcasts and their potential for heroism.


Andrews, Larry R. “Black Sisterhood in Gloria Naylor’s Novels.” College Language Association Journal 33 (September,...

(The entire section is 793 words.)