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(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)

Published in Stories of the Barrio: An island Like You in 1995, "Bad Influence" details a summer in the life of a young Puerto Rican girl from Paterson, New Jersey. In keeping with the other stories in the collection, "Bad Influence" speaks to topics specific to young Puerto Rican Americans, while addressing issues universal to young people. At fifteen, Rita, the narrator, is at odds with the world of her Puerto Rican grandparents, whose eccentric, old-fashioned ways strike her as ridiculous. A typical teenager, she is hypercritical of the adults around her, and finds them invasive and disrespectful of her boundaries. Rita has been sent to the island to stay with her grandparents to keep her out of trouble with boys. Initially she is brutally caustic and critical of everything from her grandmother's telenovelas to her grandfather's spiritual powers (which she satirizes as Ghostbusting). Her take on Papá's approach to curing a family of an evil spirit (or mala influencia) is both hilarious and believable. Over time, however, Rita makes a new friend and comes to appreciate her grandparents and life on the island. In the course of the summer, Rita manages to assert her individuality while incorporating her heritage, in her effort to navigate both the American and the Puerto Rican in herself.


(Literature of Developing Nations for Students)

Rita arrives in hot, humid Puerto Rico from Paterson, New Jersey with a bad attitude. She has been sent to spend the summer with her grandparents as an alternative to a retreat at a convent, where her friend Meli has been sent. Her parents want her out of contact with her racy boyfriend, Johnny Ruiz, and the result is her exile to the island.

Rita has never spent more than two weeks at a time on the island and she has no desire to get better acquainted with it now. She finds her grandparents and their friends annoyingly gregarious and overwhelming; when she tries to calm herself in the car by practicing deep breathing, her grandmother assumes she's having an asthma attack and harangues her with asthma stories. What Rita really wants is to be left alone.

As soon as the family gets back from the airport, Rita goes to her room to nap and withdraw. When she wakes up, her grandfather is outside her window crooning to his distressed rooster. He tells her (accurately) what she has been dreaming, and reports that the rooster has a skewed sense of time. This is Rita's introduction to her grandfather's talents as a spiritualist. Exasperated, Rita gets up and watches telenovelas with her grandmother, ever critical of Mamá Ana's ongoing dialogue with the television characters. Later that evening, Mamá reports that the next day they plan to travel to the seashore, so Papá can cure a young girl in distress. She explains Papá Juan's powers "that allowed him to see into people's hearts and minds through prayers and in dreams." Rita is skeptical.

The next morning Rita's grandparents awaken her before sunrise. At first Rita fakes an asthma attack so she can stay home alone, but Mamá Ana's dramatic response meets with a miraculous recovery. The three of them head for the beachfront home of the family in need of Papá Juan's help. Having slept in the car on the way, Rita cannot help but enjoy herself on the beach with her grandmother while Papá Juan consults with the señora and Angela in their elaborate,...

(The entire section is 879 words.)