Chapter 18 Summary: El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
Kasem Gulek: member of the Turkish Parliament whom Malcolm meets on Mount Arafat
Sheikh Abdullah Eraif: mayor of Mecca
Muhammad Abdul Azziz Maged: Saudi Arabia’s Deputy Chief of Protocol, who serves as an interpreter for conversations between Malcolm and Prince Faisal
Professor Essien-Udom: author of Black Nationalism, and a professor at Ibadan University in Lagos, Nigeria
Larry Jackson: black Peace Corps’ volunteer whom Malcolm meets in Nigeria
Julian Mayfield: author and leader of Ghana’s group of African-American expatriates
Ana Livia: Mayfield’s wife
Dr. Kwame Nkrumah: President of Ghana
Shirley Graham Du Bois: writer and director of Ghanaian television; and widow of famous African-American revolutionary and scholar, Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois, who moved to Ghana late in his life.
Malcolm visits several Middle Eastern and African countries, and is introduced to the leaders, diplomats, and press corps from many nations. He meets the Saudi Arabian ruler, Prince Faisal, and Ghana’s President, Dr. Nkrumah. He is treated with honor and respect wherever he travels.
Upon his return to New York, Malcolm holds an impromptu press conference to explain his new ideology. Although the news media reports are somewhat negative, Malcolm begins, for the first time in his life, to garner support from both white people and African Americans. He is committed to developing political and social strategies that will unite all African Americans in his fight against racism.
The tremendously positive response Malcolm receives during his visit to Africa serves as an affirmation of his spiritual awakening.
He returns to the United States in May 1964. It is the beginning of a long, hot summer of racial unrest in...
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