Atlas Shrugged

by Ayn Rand

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Last Updated July 17, 2023.


Atlas Shrugged is a novel written by Ayn Rand and published in 1957. Rand, a Russian-American philosopher and novelist, wrote the book as a way to share her political philosophy as a work of fiction. Atlas Shrugged presents Rand's philosophy of Objectivism, which emphasizes rational self-interest and advocates for laissez-faire capitalism. The novel explores themes of individualism, entrepreneurship, and the role of government in society.

What Happens:

Part 1:

  • "Atlas Shrugged" is set in a dystopian future where society is in decline, and productive individuals are increasingly burdened by government interference and regulations.
  • The novel introduces Dagny Taggart, a strong-willed and determined railroad executive, and Hank Rearden, an innovative steel magnate.
  • Dagny and Hank face various challenges as they strive to maintain their businesses and pursue their own visions of success and achievement.

Part 2:

  • The narrative follows the deterioration of the economy and the escalating conflicts between producers and regulators.
  • Dagny and Hank find themselves drawn to each other, navigating their complicated relationship amidst the crumbling society.
  • A mysterious figure known as John Galt emerges, advocating for a strike of the most productive individuals in society as a form of protest against government control and oppression.

Part 3:

  • The novel delves into the philosophical underpinnings of Objectivism. 
  • Dagny, Hank, and other like-minded individuals join John Galt's strike.
  • The narrative reveals the devastating consequences of the disappearance of these brilliant minds and their withdrawal from society.
  • As society crumbles further, Dagny and her allies uncover the secrets behind the collapse and search for a path to reclaim their values and rebuild a society based on individual freedom and rationality.


  • The novel concludes with a climactic confrontation and the eventual triumph of the heroes who embody Rand's philosophy of Objectivism.
  • The narrative emphasizes the importance of individual achievement, personal responsibility, and the pursuit of one's own happiness.
  • Atlas Shrugged ends on an optimistic note, with the promise of a new society based on the principles of individualism and free-market capitalism.

Why it Matters: 

Atlas Shrugged holds significant historical and ideological importance as a cornerstone of Ayn Rand's philosophy of Objectivism and her critique of collectivism and government intervention. The novel's exploration of individualism and its celebration of free-market capitalism has made it a rallying point for proponents of limited government and personal freedom and has made it one of the most important books of the conservative movement.

The novel also reflects the social and political climate of its time, when ideological battles between capitalism and socialism were intensifying. Atlas Shrugged became a catalyst for discussions on the role of government, the nature of individual rights, and the value of productive achievement. It’s become one of the most loved, and most loathed books written in the 20th century. 

Rand's portrayal of strong-willed and independent female characters, such as Dagny Taggart, challenged traditional gender roles and inspired subsequent generations of women. The novel prompted discussions on feminism, individual agency, and the pursuit of professional success.

Furthermore, Atlas Shrugged remains a significant work of literature due to its enduring popularity and influence. It has sparked countless debates, inspired philosophical discussions, and shaped the thinking of individuals across various disciplines.

Critics and scholars have analyzed and debated the novel's ideas and literary merits, contributing to ongoing discussions on the role of the individual in society, the moral foundations of capitalism, and the boundaries of individual freedom.

The book stands as a thought-provoking novel that explores themes of individualism, entrepreneurship, and the power of human achievement. Its significance lies in its philosophical impact, its role in shaping debates on the role of government and individual rights, and its continued influence on contemporary discussions surrounding economics, politics, and personal freedom.


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