The Atlanta Compromise also emphasized two things that DuBois would have been unlikely to support: that black people remain in the South and that they limit themselves to agricultural and mechanical work.
Booker T. Washington's message to "cast down your bucket where you are" was an appeal to black people not to migrate to northern cities, but instead to "[cultivate] friendly relations with the Southern white man." In saying this, Washington overlooked the mortal threats faced by black people in the South——lynching, rape, and, after Reconstruction, criminalization. Convict leasing existed at the time that Washington made his speech in 1895. It was a system in which black people were arrested and sent to prison for crimes as minor as loitering or public gambling, with the intent of sending them to work on chain gangs. This became another way to extract free labor from black people.
Washington and DuBois also had very different ideas about education. Washington did not see the use for liberal arts education. DuBois, on the other hand, had dedicated his life to the pursuit of education and thought that this was essential for uplifting the race. Without education, black people would be unable to improve their conditions. Washington thought in very practical, immediate terms, assuring black people that work, good financial habits, and community building would rescue them from oppression. He did not account, as DuBois did, for black people being excluded from jobs, particularly in manufacturing, as they were in both the North and South, or, for some jobs, eventually being eliminated altogether due to the introduction of automated machines.