Places Discussed

(Critical Guide to Settings and Places in Literature)

Bundren house

Bundren house. Home of Addie and Anse Bundren, located in Yoknapatawpha County on a ridge far removed from a secondary gravel road and nearly inaccessible. The house is a fortress of “white-trash” values, tension, and ignorance. There, Anse and Addie have reared five children, all of whom characterize some aspect of the Old South in its demise. The family members occupy the house in disharmony, at odds not only with one another but with the universe itself. Nevertheless, they are representative members and products of their society, who manifest the stench of the South’s decay. Addie dies in the house in the opening chapter, and the family’s struggle to dispose of her body drives the rest of the narrative.


Road. Unnamed and little-traveled road leading to New Hope Baptist Church and Varner’s Store that provides the main backdrop of the novel’s setting during the Bundrens’ six-day journey conveying Addie’s body forty miles to Jefferson. Taking the form of a mock epic, the funeral journey occurs mostly on a backwoods route that is beset by a dangerous flood and a fire. Though remote and isolated, the road contains much to mimic and intimates the cosmic setup of the universe as the Bundren family attempts to get Addie’s decomposing body to town so they can bury her in the cemetery she chose before she died.


Barns. Like most barns in totally agrarian societies, the barns in the novel indicate the livelihood and sustenance of the society itself. Symbolic of continued perseverance and orderliness and more important even than homes to these farmers and share croppers, barns provide settings for two pivotal scenes in the novel. In the barn of the Bundrens’ neighbors, the Tulls, buzzards discover Addie’s body and begin to follow the wagon and funeral procession ominously. Later when the body is being stored in a barn belonging to a helpful stranger named Gillespie, who lives outside Jefferson, Darl Bundren tries to perform an act of sanity by burning down the barn to cleanse his mother’s body with fire. Instead, he fails and is sent to an asylum for the insane.


River. Unnamed stream that is more a creek than a river and that impedes the Bundrens’ progress when it becomes too swollen to cross. The river’s waters universally represent the water of cleansing, purification, birth, and baptism that a flood can provide through total destruction. Although the river is the most formidable obstacle that the Bundrens confront on their journey, it is the one that can, perhaps, provide the greatest chance of redemption: Nature itself rebels against the continued attempt of the family to outrage God by not burying the body at once. The family escapes the river just as it escapes the flames of the burning barn.


Drugstore. Pharmacy where Dewey Dell Bundren tries to buy an abortion “medicine” from a corrupt employee, who later seduces her as part of his treatment. Representative of the ability of science to correct moral faults, this pharmacy fails to provide any relief and serves only to worsen the predicaments of the members of the family.


Jefferson. Seat of Mississippi’s Yoknapatawpha County, in whose cemetery Addie is finally buried, after Anse borrows a shovel to dig her grave. This small southern town gives shelter and approval to the Bundren family for their actions by hypocritically ignoring the violation against nature that the delayed burial manifests. Thus, the town itself participates in the further corruption of the entire society.

Historical Context

(Novels for Students)

Phychoanalyzing Machine Published by Gale Cengage

Farm Life in the South
Despite efforts to improve technology and farming methods, a farmer's life during the 1920s...

(The entire section is 654 words.)

Literary Style

(Novels for Students)

As I Lay Dying takes place in the northern part of Mississippi in 1928. The Bundrens must travel...

(The entire section is 872 words.)

Literary Techniques

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Faulkner's narrative point of view in As I Lay Dying is a challenge to readers. The reader's entire sense of character comes from the...

(The entire section is 954 words.)

Ideas for Group Discussions

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Faulkner employs a challenging, experimental narrative style in As I Lay Dying, a portrait of a southern farming family.

1. In...

(The entire section is 475 words.)

Social Concerns

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

In 1930, after the publication of what most critics believe to be William Faulkner's masterpiece, The Sound and the Fury, Faulkner...

(The entire section is 469 words.)

Compare and Contrast

(Novels for Students)

  • 1920s: The Democratic party dominates Southern politics. Women are granted voting rights...

(The entire section is 251 words.)

Topics for Further Study

(Novels for Students)

Examine and discuss the possible meanings of Faulkner's title. How do you interpret it?

Research economic conditions for Southern...

(The entire section is 185 words.)

Literary Precedents

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

Like Edgar Lee Masters' Spoon River Anthology (1915) or Sherwood Anderson's Winesburg, Ohio (1919), both of which portray...

(The entire section is 302 words.)

Related Titles

(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

All of the Yoknapatawpha stories and novels, such as As I Lay Dying, are related— some through characters and some through artistic...

(The entire section is 155 words.)


(Beacham's Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction)

So far most of the adaptations of Faulkner's As I Lay Dying have been on the stage. The first was produced in Paris in June, 1935; it...

(The entire section is 179 words.)

Media Adaptations

(Novels for Students)

Initially As I Lay Dying was adapted for the stage by Jean-Louis Barrault. The 1935 production was performed in Paris and...

(The entire section is 134 words.)

What Do I Read Next?

(Novels for Students)

The Sound and the Fury (1929) is Faulkner's first extended attempt at the stream-of-consciousness narrative...

(The entire section is 252 words.)


(Great Characters in Literature)

Bleikasten, André. Faulkner’s “As I Lay Dying.” Translated by Roger Little. Rev. ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1973. The only book-length study of Faulkner’s novel. Lucid and comprehensive; an excellent starting point for serious study. Discusses Faulkner’s manuscript and typescript and includes two facsimile pages.

Blotner, Joseph. Faulkner: A Biography. 2 vols. New York: Random House, 1974. An enormously detailed work. Begins with discussion of Faulkner’s ancestors and traces the writer’s development from precocious poet to preeminent novelist.

Cox, Dianne L., ed. William Faulkner’s “As I Lay Dying”: A Critical Casebook. New York: Garland, 1985. Contains a dozen essays examining such topics as the novel’s chronology, language, and narrative design. Interesting individual chapters focus on the novel’s debt to the Cubist movement and to the works of T. S. Eliot. Extensive annotated checklist of criticism.

Vickery, Olga W. The Novels of William Faulkner. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. A classic treatment of the Faulkner canon, still relevant despite years of subsequent scholarship. Asserts that the heart of As I Lay Dying is not the fulfillment of the burial promise but rather Addie herself and her effect on the Bundren family.

Volpe, Edmond L. A Reader’s Guide to William Faulkner. New York: Noonday Press, 1964. An excellent beginner’s source for discussion of Faulkner’s works. Analyzes structure, themes, and characters and includes a useful appendix that clarifies the often-confusing chronologies and scene shifts of Faulkner’s complex novels.

Bibliography and Further Reading

(Novels for Students)

André Bleikasten, Faulkner's As I Lay Dying, translated by Roger Little, Indiana University Press,...

(The entire section is 591 words.)