What allegorical elements are present in "Araby"?

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Well, this question is a little difficult to answer as really, this is not an allegorical story in the same way that a story like "Young Goodman Brown" by Nathanial Hawthorne would be an allegorical story. In such allegorical stories, characters, settings and events stand for abstract ideas or moral qualities. If you wanted to push the allegorical reading, you could argue that the narrator represents Romantic innocence, and that by the end of the story, when he experiences his epiphany, he then comes to represent experience as he realises his own foolishness and illusions and how they had dominated his life. Certainly, the key moment of the story is this epiphany, which comes at the end of the tale:

Gazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity; and my eyes burned with anguish and anger.

It is at this point that the narrator experiences a moment of self-knowledge, and we know as readers that he will never be the same after this experience.

So, whilst this tale is not normally considered to be an allegory, I think if you really wanted to you could "force" an allegorical interpretation, focussing on the narrator and his transition from innocence to experience.

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What are examples of symbolism in "Araby"?

Much of the symbolism in the work revolves around Catholicism. One example of symbolism is the Catholic priest, who could be said, given the overall ambivalence toward the Catholic Church in the work, could be said to represent the entire Church. The bazaar represents exoticism in the rather parochial world of Dublin, and the boy's trip there is somewhat of a pilgrimage. Mangan's sister is an example of chasteness and femininity, traits associated with the Virgin Mary. On the other hand, both the pawnbroker's widow and Araby itself might be read as representative of crass commercialism and materialism, with Araby being a notably shallow form of it. 

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What are the allusions used in "Araby"?

Much of the conflict in James Joyce's story of a young boy's love is derived from his confusion of love with religious fervor.  In addition, the exotic excitement generated by his anticipation of the forthcoming bazaar affects his perception of his infatuation with Mangan's sister.  Indeed, the many allusions in Joyce's narrative serve to develop and strengthen his themes. 

Allusions in "Araby"

  • Religious allusions to the Catholic Church are frequent as Joyce felt the Roman Catholic religion had a stultifying effect upon the Irish.
  1. Christian Brothers' School
  2. The Devout Communicant, a work of Catholic devotional literature by English Franciscan, Pacificus Baker.
  3. "my chalice," the cup used in the Eucharist of the Catholic Mass. This chalice also alludes to the Holy Grail, the cup used at the Last Supper. 
  4. "two men were counting money on a salver" is a reference to Matthew 21:12-13.
  • Irish cultural allusions thread throughout "Araby."
  1. The houses with "brown imperturbable faces" alludes to another work of Joyce's:  In Stephen Hero, Joyce refers to "one of those brown brick houses which seem the very incarnation or Irish paralysis"; thus, his allusion suggests the motif of paralysis.
  2. Mangan's sister's name is, perhaps, an intended allusion to the nineteenth century Irish romantic poet of doomed love and agonized despair James Clarence Mangan.
  3. "O'Donovan Rossa" is an allusion to Jeremiah O'Donovan, a Fenian (ERA) revolutionary and member of Parliament elect in 1869 when serving a life sentence for treason-felony against the British government.
  4. "some Freemason affair" alludes to a function by the Society of Freemasons, an organization repudiated by Catholics because it has been suspected by Catholics of atheism, anti-Catholicism, and Protestant bigotry.
  5. "The Arab's Farewell to his Steed" is a poem by the irish poet Caroline Norton.
  • Other allusions 
  1. Araby The poetic name for Arabia:  The Orient was a place of European romance and fantasy in the nineteenth century as it was a place where the exotic, the sensual and refined cruelty were involved. In addition, Thomas Moore's ballad, "Farewell-farewell to thee, Araby's daughter" is also suggested.
  2. The Memoirs of Vidocq is a very popular account of the exploits of a criminal who turned detective.

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