- One of the most important themes in Antigone is the struggle between fate and free will. Antigone would seem to seal her fate by defying Creon and burying her brother Polynices.
- Antigone teaches us that every action has its consequence. For example, Creon's choice to ignore Haemon and Tiresias leads to the suicide of his son and wife.
- Family and loyalty are two intertwined themes. Antigone chooses her brothers over loyalty to Creon. Conversely, Creon prioritizes the needs of the state over the needs of his family.