Ann Radcliffe, who created a readership for moralizing tales of terror and horror, influenced not only a host of forgotten imitators but also several great writers of the Romantic period and a number of later nineteenth century novelists. Radcliffe refined the crude sensationalism of the gothic novel so that it became a vehicle for sensibility, the sublime, and the picturesque. In place of fast-paced and blood-spattered action, Radcliffean gothic characteristically created psychological tension and suspense, while avoiding the incredible. Though retaining many conventional props of the gothic novel, Radcliffe minimized their significance, being more concerned with moral tests for her heroines. She also enriched her narratives with landscape descriptions.