Chapter I Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What is the setting for the story?

2. What four characteristics are noted about Boxer the horse?

3. What comment does Benjamin the donkey make that shows his cynicism and bad temper?

4. How does Clover help the other animals at the meeting?

5. What does Old Major say is the reason the animals have such miserable lives?

6. What is Major’s prediction about Boxer.

7. What decision is made concerning the status of wild creatures such as rats and rabbits?

8. What is the name of the song Old Major teaches the animals?

9. What are the main ideas expressed in Major’s speech?

10. What indications does Orwell give in this chapter that indicate the pigs may be superior to the other animals?

1. The setting is the Manor Farm in England.

2. Boxer is an enormous horse. He is respected for his steadiness of character, as well as his tremendous powers and his ability to work. But he is not of first-rate intelligence.

3. He says that God gave him a tail to keep off the flies, but he would rather have no tail and no flies.

4. Clover protects the lost ducklings by making a wall around them with her legs to keep them from getting trampled by the others.

5. Old Major identifies man as the cause of all the animals’ problems. Man takes without producing, and he controls the miserable lives of the animals.

6. Old Major predicts that Jones will sell Boxer to the horse slaughterer the day his muscles lose their power and he is no longer useful to Jones.

7. A vote is taken and it is decided that the wild creatures such as rats and rabbits are “comrades.”

8. The song is called Beasts of England, and it will later become the song of the Rebellion.

9. The main ideas of his speech include the concepts that man is the enemy and all animals are friends. He warns the animals not to become like man, live in houses, wear clothes, drink alcohol, smoke tobacco, touch money, or engage in trade. He says that all animals are brothers, all are equal, and one animal must never tyrannize over his own kind.

10. The pigs sit down in the front row before Major’s platform. They are described as being more clever than the other animals, and are able to memorize all the words of Beasts of England.

Chapter II Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What happens to Old Major?

2. Who are Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer?

3. What qualities do they each possess?

4. What are some of the problems the pigs have to face in organizing the other farm animals?

5. Who is Moses and what role does he play on the farm?

6. What is Sugarcandy Mountain?

7. What is the immediate cause of the Rebellion?

8. What are the immediate results of the Rebellion?

9. What are the Seven Commandments?

10. What early indication does Orwell give to show that not all of the animals are treated equally?

1. Old Major dies peacefully in his sleep.

2. Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer are the three pig leaders who assume the roles of teaching Old Major’s ideas to the other animals.

3. Napoleon is large and fierce, not much of a talker, but accustomed to getting his way. Snowball is vivacious, quick in speech and inventive, but lacking Napoleon’s “depth of character.” Squealer is a brilliant talker, who is persuasive and capable of turning black into white.

4. Some of the animals feel a duty of loyalty to Jones as the master who feeds them. Some of the animals are indifferent about some vague future rebellion. Some animals are concerned for their own personal comforts.

5. Moses is the tame raven, a special pet of Jones, who feeds him bread soaked in beer. Moses is a spy for Jones.

6. Moses tells the animals about Sugarcandy Mountain, a country full of clover, sugar, and linseed cakes. He says it is where the animals will go when they die.

7. Jones has neglected the animals, drinking rather than working the farm. His farm hands go hunting one day, and the animals are left without food.

8. Jones and his men are driven off the farm. The animals bury the bodies of their slaughtered comrades and burn the things Jones used to control the animals. They change the name from “Manor Farm” to “Animal Farm” and write the Seven Commandments on the barn wall.


1. Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.
3. No animal shall wear clothes.
4. No animal shall sleep in a bed.
5. No animal shall drink alcohol.
6. No animal shall kill any other animal.
7. All animals are equal.

10. Instead of being shared equally among all of the animals, the milk disappears. It is implied that Napoleon takes it for himself.

Chapter III Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What is the result of the harvest after the Rebellion and why?

2. What part do the pigs play in the harvest?

3. What is Boxer’s personal motto?

4. What is the attitude of Mollie and the cat toward work on the farm?

5. What is Benjamin’s attitude after the rebellion?

6. What is Benjamin fond of saying and what does it mean?

7. What committees does Snowball organize on the farm?

8. What is the maxim that Snowball teaches the sheep?

9. How does Napoleon deal with “the education of the young”?

10. What happened to the milk taken from the cows, and how does Squealer explain this to the other animals?

1. Immediately after the Rebellion, the harvest is better than it ever was under Jones because all of the animals (with few exceptions) work hard for their own food.

2. The pigs are the supervisors, directing the other animals in their work.

3. Boxer’s personal motto is, “I will work harder.”

4. Mollie gets to work late and makes excuses to leave early, and the cat disappears whenever there is work to be done. She reappears at meal time with such good excuses and purrs so affectionately that the others believe her good intentions.

5. Benjamin remains unchanged, cynical, and obstinate. He does no more and no less than he has to do.

6. Benjamin says, “Donkeys live a long time. None of you has ever seen a dead donkey.” He is the oldest animal on the farm and he plans to do whatever is necessary to stay alive.

7. Snowball forms the “Egg Production Committee” for the hens, the “Clean Tails League” for the cows, the “Wild Comrades’ Re-education Committee” to tame the rats and rabbits, and the “Whiter Wool Movement” for the sheep, and institutes classes in reading and writing.

8. Their maxim is “Four legs good, two legs bad,” which they bleat for hours at a time.

9. He takes the nine puppies and makes himself responsible for their education. After a while, the other animals forget all about the puppies.

10. The pigs get the milk as well as the apples. Squealer explains that it is necessary for the pigs to keep the farm going. If they don’t get the milk and apples, Jones will come back.

Chapter IV Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. How does Mr. Jones spend most of his time after he is kicked off his farm?

2. Who is Mr. Pilkington and how does Orwell describe him?

3. Who is Mr. Frederick and how does Orwell describe him?

4. What is the typical relationship between these two men?

5. How do Foxwood Farm and Pinchfield Farm compare?

6. How do the farmers try to discredit what is happening on Animal Farm?

7. What is the cause of the Battle of the Cowshed?

8. What is Snowball’s role in the battle?

9. What part does Boxer play in the battle?

10. What are the results of the Battle of the Cowshed?

1. After being kicked off his farm, Mr. Jones spends his days at the Red Lion Inn in Willingdon, complaining to anyone who will listen of the injustice that was done to him.

2. Mr. Pilkington is one of Mr. Jones’s neighbors. The easygoing gentleman farmer and owner of Foxwood Farm spends his time fishing and hunting.

3. Mr. Frederick is another neighbor and the owner of Pinchfield Farm. He is a tough, shrewd man with a reputation for driving hard bargains and for suing his neighbors.

4. Pilkington and Frederick are on permanently bad terms with each other. They dislike one another so much it is difficult for them to come to any agreement, even in their own best interests.

5. Foxwood is a...

(The entire section is 505 words.)

Chapter V Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. Why does Clover confront Mollie?

2. What happens to Mollie?

3. How does Napoleon use the sheep’s bleating of “Four legs good, two legs bad” to his advantage?

4. What does Snowball see for the animals as a result of building the windmill?

5. How does Napoleon show his disapproval of Snowball’s plans?

6. What is Benjamin’s opinion of the windmill?

7. What happens to Snowball?

8. What changes on Animal Farm does Napoleon announce to the animals?

9. How does Squealer explain these changes and Napoleon’s intent to build the windmill after all?

10. How does Squealer try to undermine Snowball?

1. Clover questions Mollie after Mollie is seen standing near the hedge of Foxwood Farm with one of Mr. Pilkington’s men stroking her nose. Clover later finds ribbons and sugar hidden in Mollie’s stall.

2. Mollie runs away from Animal Farm and the pigeons report seeing her pulling a cart for a human. The animals never mention her again.

3. The sheep begin their bleating whenever Snowball tries to speak at the meetings, and he is unable to get his ideas across to the other animals.

4. Snowball sees the windmill as a source of electric power and heat. He says it will run machinery and do the work now done by the animals. Eventually, the animals’ work week would be...

(The entire section is 427 words.)

Chapter VI Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. How did the lives of the animals become more difficult in the beginning of Chapter VI?

2. How does Boxer deal with these new difficulties?

3. How do conditions on the farm under Napoleon’s leadership compare to when Jones was
the owner?

4. Who is Mr. Whymper and why does he come to the farm?

5. How does Squealer address the animals’ concerns about engaging in trade with the humans?

6. What change occurs to the living conditions of the pigs?

7. What happens to the Fourth Commandment?

8. How does Squealer answer their questions concerning the Fourth Commandment?

9. What happens to the windmill?

10. What does Napoleon say happened to the windmill, and what does he do?

1. The animals have to work a 60 hour week, including Sundays, or their food rations are cut in half. The harvest is less successful, and gathering stones for the windmill is hard work.

2. Boxer makes arrangements to get up three-quarters of an hour earlier so he can go to the quarry to collect a load of broken stone for the windmill. His two slogans, “Napoleon is always right” and “I will work harder,” help him to deal with the hardships.

3. In the summer, conditions were about the same. They had no more food, but they had no less. Later, there were some shortages, including paraffin oil,...

(The entire section is 460 words.)

Chapter VII Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. How do the animals plan to prevent the second windmill from being destroyed?

2. Besides the work on the windmill, what other hardships do the animals have to face in Chapter VII?

3. How does Napoleon hope to prevent the outside world from finding out about the food shortages on Animal Farm?

4. What is the cause of concern among the chickens?

5. How do the hens react to Napoleon’s news about the eggs?

6. How does Napoleon deal with the Mutiny of the Hens and what are the results?

7. Besides the destruction of the windmill, for what other things is Snowball blamed?

8. What “news” does Squealer reveal about...

(The entire section is 637 words.)

Chapter VIII Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. How does the Sixth Commandment change?

2. What are the titles invented for Napoleon?

3. What happens when Minimus composes the poem “Comrade Napoleon”?

4. What other confessions are made by animals in this chapter and what are the results?

5. What is the latest information Squealer reveals to the animals about Snowball?

6. What does Napoleon do with the woodpile?

7. How does Frederick cheat Napoleon?

8. What happens in the Battle of the Windmill?

9. Why does Squealer tell the animals that Napoleon is dying?

10. How is the Fifth Commandment changed?

1. The...

(The entire section is 313 words.)

Chapter IX Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What is Boxer’s ambition after the Battle of the Windmill?

2. How do the animals’ lives become harder after the windmill is blown up?

3. How does Squealer convince them that their lives are

4. What is a “Spontaneous Demonstration”?

5. What new information does Squealer reveal about Snowball?

6. What purpose does Moses the raven’s return to the farm serve?

7. How do the pigs react to Moses’ return?

8. What happens to Boxer?

9. How does Squealer explain the events surrounding Boxer’s removal from the farm and his death?

10. Where do the pigs get the money to buy...

(The entire section is 458 words.)

Chapter X Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What happens to Mr. Jones?

2. How does the farm prosper in the years after Boxer’s death?

3. What kind of work do the pigs do on the now-prosperous farm?

4. What is the new slogan learned by the sheep and why?

5. What happens to the Seven Commandments?

6. What modern conveniences do the pigs enjoy after they learn to walk on two legs?

7. What observations has Mr. Pilkington made on his tour of Animal Farm?

8. What changes does Napoleon announce at his meeting with the humans?

9. What causes the fight between Napoleon and Pilkington?

10. What happens as the animals look into the farmhouse...

(The entire section is 408 words.)