Why did the name change from Manor Farm to Animal Farm?

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Manor Farm is a name devised by humans. As such, it symbolizes the control they have over the farm and over the lives of the animals who live there. Once the animals take control, however, the ideology of Animalism is put into effect. Among other things, this means that the old name has to go, along with all other signs of domination by the hated human enemy. According to Animalism, humans are exploiters of animals. They must be overthrown and expelled from the farm if the animals are to have freedom over their own lives. So, to symbolize the new order, the name of the farm is changed to Animal Farm. The farm belongs to the animals now. It is their farm, not the humans'.

Equally symbolic is the fact that the name of the farm changes back to Manor Farm when the pigs learn to walk upright and are almost indistinguishable from humans.

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In Animal Farm, why is Animal Farm's named changed to Manor Farm?

Animal Farm begins, after lock down for the night, with the animals calling a meeting. Old Major delivers a rousing speech, inspiring the animals to action and to fight Mr Jones, the farm owner who mistreats his animals. They have come to understand that "All men are enemies. All animals are comrades." The principles which will later be the concept of "Animalism" are outlined and the animals conclude with the singing of "Beasts of England." Once the animals have driven Jones off the farm, the name is changed to Animal Farm and "all animals are equal" becomes the accepted norm. After discussions about the definition of animals and even eventually, the acceptance that "all animals are equal but some are more equal than others," it is clear that Napoleon's motives are self-serving.

It is symbolic that, at the end of Animal Farm, when Napoleon has taken over complete control and the pigs are firmly entrenched that the name is changed back to Manor Farm, revealing that, after all, life remains the same. Everything the animals had believed in and worked so hard for is now enjoyed by the pigs. So, changing the name to Manor Farm reinforces that belief that power corrupts.  

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In George Orwell's Animal Farm, what events lead to Manor Farm changing its name to Animal Farm?

The changing of the farm's name in Animal Farm is preceded by several important events. The first of these occurs in Chapter One when Old Major makes a speech in which he highlights the inhumanity of Man and teaches that all animals are equal. He also teaches the animals a song called "Beasts of England," which they adopt as their anthem of hope and equality.  As a result of this speech, the animals have a "completely new outlook on life" and they believe that a revolution is inevitable.

In the next chapter, Old Major dies, but the animals are primed for revolution. The pigs, being the "cleverest" of the animals, lead the preparations for this much-anticipated event: they hold secret meetings, develop the principles of Animalism and teach themselves how to read and write.

But the revolution happens far sooner than expected: after Mr. Jones forgets to feed them one day, the animals seize control of the farm and force Mr. and Mrs. Jones and the farmhands to flee. The next day, the animals begin the business of running the farm by attending to the harvest but, before work commences, Snowball ceremoniously repaints the farm's sign. From now on, Manor Farm is no more and Animal Farm is born.

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