What ideas is George Orwell communicating through Animal Farm?

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Animal Farm is a satirical attack on communism. Through the satire of Animal Farm, George Orwell made fun of the Russian rulers and political system of communism and also communicated some of his own beliefs to the reader.

  • Through satire, George Orwell painted the Russian leaders to be selfish and cruel.
  • Orwell degraded the Russian leaders, Stalin and Trotsky by having pigs represent them.
  • Finally, the original power structure is restored, but only with the pigs at the top of the hierarchy. This is an important point in Orwell's view of communism as it shows the reader the ultimate betrayal of the socialist revolution.



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While Animal Farm was written as a fable utilizing the Russian Revolution and the years that followed, the story has an even greater implication.  It shows how a dictator is gradually able to take over the minds and souls of his or her people.  Note that after the revolution on the farm, all animals enjoy a hint of equality for a very short time; then, very shortly, milk and apples become luxuries reserved for the pigs alone.

In time, history is re-written and the great things that Snowball accomplished are taken away from his credit.  In fact, Snowball becomes a villain almost on the same level as Jones himself.

The old saying that "Power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely" are among the many ideas that Orwell communicates.

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