What difficulties do the animals face while building the windmill in Animal Farm?

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In Chapter 6, the animals begin construction on the windmill and meet several unexpected difficulties. Despite having plenty of stone, sand, and cement to build the windmill, the animals have difficulty solving how to break the massive boulders into smaller pieces. Since the animals cannot utilize crowbars and pickaxes, they have to transfer the massive boulders from the bottom of the quarry to the top of the hill. Once they manage to get the boulders to the top of the hill, they topple the boulders over the edge, where the stones eventually shatter into smaller pieces. However, transporting these massive boulders is difficult, and Boxer works arduously pulling the huge stones up the hill. This process is slow and laborious, but the animals manage to store a sufficient amount of stone to begin construction. The animals also need certain materials in order to build the windmill and Napoleon begins trading with humans. Trading with humans is against the tenets of Animalism, but Napoleon engages in trade anyway. Unfortunately, high-speed winds during a severe storm destroy the windmill, and the animals are forced to start the building process over.

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The first difficulty the animals have in building the windmill is agreeing to build it.  Snowball proposes the plan and designs it, but Napoleon is convinced that it would be too time-consuming and their energies should be spent on gathering food.

The animals formed themselves into two factions under the slogan, `Vote for Snowball and the three-day week' and `Vote for Napoleon and the full manger.' (ch 5)

Once Napoleon runs Snowball off, he is able to convince the animals that the windmill was his idea the entire time.  He uses it to rally the animals and give them a goal.  The problem is the actual building of the windmill.

But the problem the animals could not at first solve was how to break up the stone into pieces of suitable size. There seemed no way of doing this except with picks and crowbars, which no animal could use… (ch 6)

The animals solve the problem by dropping the stone down the hill, where it breaks into pieces.  Then they can easily use the sand and cement they found to start building it.  The animals work hard, and are very focused and happy.  Unfortunately, the windmill is destroyed by humans or natural causes, and it never really gets built.

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The animals are faced with the challenge of trying to use human tools to work with their non-human bodies. For instance, they learn after repeated attempts that they can't break the quarry boulders with human tools like picks, so they devise a laborious process in which they drag the boulders up and out of the quarry, then push them back over the edge of the quarry to crash and shatter below.  They then go and gather the pieces, which is not as hard for them as dragging the boulders. Nevertheless, the work is labor intensive, so they toil through 60-hour work weeks in order to accomplish the task. The conviction that they are working for their own greater collective good motivates them. Further, when they begin to flag, Boxer's strength and confidence rallies them. This episode reveals the ingenuity of the animals but also Napoleon's devious ways, such as saying work on the windmill is voluntary but that any animal who doesn't volunteer will be put on half rations. 

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Napolean tells the other animals that the project will require harder work and reduced rations for all of the animals, except, of course, the pigs. Life for the animals begins to get worse. They work harder and longer, 60 hours a week, including Sundays. Orwell writes in the beginning of chapter VI:
"All that year the animals worked like slaves. But they were happy in their work; they grudged no effort or sacrifice, well aware that everything that they did was for the benefit of themselves and those of their kind who would come after them, and not for a pack of idle, thieving human beings."

Because of the push to complete the windmill, the farm is neglected. Shortages necessitate trade with humans which causes another violation of the “unalterable” commandments of Animal Farm.

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In Animal Farm, why was the windmill so hard to build?

The windmill creates a challenge for several reasons: it is both politically and physically hard to build. First, the animals are divided on whether or not it makes sense to pursue the project, with Napoleon leading a faction that says that it would make more sense to concentrate on increasing food production. The animals also know it will be physically difficult to assemble the windmill because they will have to construct stone walls and make sails for it and come up with cables and dynamos. The stone walls especially are labor-intensive. So initially, the animals can't decide whether to proceed.

Second, once they decide to go ahead with the task, the animals can't use human tools to break the limestone they have from the quarry into suitably sized rocks, so they have to haul the limestone boulders to the top of the quarry, push them over the edge to shatter below and gather all the pieces and drag them up to the top of the quarry in carts, then pull the carts to the site of the windmill.

Third, a violent storm destroys much of the windmill, so that they have to start over. This time, they decide to make the walls twice as thick, which makes the task even harder. Then Frederick and his men blow up the second newly completed windmill. This time, Boxer, who has been the worker driving the windmill, is eleven, and it is harder for him to work as hard as he did before. Also, the animals are short of money to buy the supplies they need to rebuild and have to do with less to eat (all but the pigs) so they can purchase what is needed to get the windmill going again.

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In Animal Farm, why was the windmill so hard to build?

The reason the windmill is so hard to build in Chapter 6 is that it is a bunch of animals that is trying to build it.  So they don't have many tools and they don't have hands.

For example, to break rocks up to be used for the walls, they have to drag huge boulders up to the top of the quarry.  From there, they topple them over so the get crushed when they fall.  They have to do that since they have no way to crush the rocks with tools.

Because of problems like this (symbolizing how technologically backward Russia was) the animals have a hard time building the windmill.

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