How does Orwell expose the weaknesses of human nature in Animal Farm?

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For one thing, humans are the epitome of evil in the animals' world. It is against the oppressive rule of the humans that the animals launch their revolt in the first place, and Animal Farm is intended to be a place free of everything bad about the humans' world. To say the pigs become "corrupt," as readers often do when discussing the book, is to say that they became more like humans. By the end of the book, the aims of the revolution are so perverted that the animals cannot even distinguish between the pigs and the humans.

On an allegorical level, the book also reveals much about human nature, ironically so, since its main characters are animals. In Animal Farm, we see characters undertaking a revolution based on high ideals and hopes. But the ideal society the animals hope to build turns into a nightmare, as cynical leaders (Napoleon and the other pigs) exploit the all-too-human fears, anxieties, and mob mentality of the animals. We also see the greed of the pigs, who exploit others to support their increasingly extravagant lifestyles. So while this book is a "fairy story" about animals, it is also a cautionary tale about human nature.

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One of the main ways that Orwell points out human weakness is in showing the way that the pigs, in particular Napoleon, begin to create the same separation and unfairness that led to their revolution against Jones in the first place.

Rather than living together in solidarity with the other animals that have led to the success of the revolution, Napoleon drives out Snowball, then the pigs move into the farmhouse and stop contributing to the work on the farm, and they begin to go to great lengths to protect their privilege and exploit the animals that are still working.

This human weakness, the desire for a life of ease and slothfulness, is exemplified by the pigs and their actions in the story.

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