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The economic system that the animals build on the farm is a prime example of collectivism. In political and economic terms, collectivism can be defined as a system whereby the government or the people own the land and the means of production. That's what appears to happen on Manor Farm. According to Old Major's ideology of Animalism, animals must work together to create a better society. All the animals are equal—though in actual fact, some are "more equal than others"—so everything is held in common; there's no private ownership involved.

Animal Farm is a work of satire, and Orwell's treatment of collectivism is suitably satirical. He conveys the impression that, although collectivism's a fine idea in practice, in reality it's completely unworkable. The Soviet Union under Stalin is what Orwell is satirizing here.

Not all the animals on the farm work hard to build this shining new utopia. The ruling pigs are lazy and arrogant, thinking themselves better and smarter than all the other animals. They lord it over the farm, living off the hard work of others. And in any case, the pigs don't even believe in the values of collectivism; they see it as nothing more than an instrument of control. It comes as no surprise when, at the very end of the book, they develop an understanding with neighboring farmers and it becomes impossible to distinguish pigs from humans.

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How does the book Animal Farm relate to Collective Agriculture?

I think that the issue of collective agriculture is addressed in the statement rendered by the work regarding political authority.  The fact that Orwell shows a political setting that is completely "top down" in terms of the pigs running the farm with no check or limitation reflects how issues like collective agriculture embolden the state over its people.  The central thesis behind collective agriculture is that government is able to exercise control over agriculture and the means of production.  This is seen in the pigs' determination as to how life on the farm will run.  At the same time, one of the realities that have to be navigated in such a condition is what will happen if there is no limitation to such centralized notions of power.  I think that the issue of collective agriculture and the risk that is run when government has far too much power over the lives of its citizens is seen in Orwell's work as how the pigs display their power without any voice of dissent.

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