How is Animal Farm compared to the communist revolution in Russia?
George Orwell's Animal Farm contains elements that mirror the Communist revolution in Russia. Let's look at some examples to help you understand how this works.
First, consider the revolt among the animals. They are tired of the farmer being in control and giving them no say about life on the farm. Mr. Jones takes the animals' labor and products and gives them little in return. He kills them when he is finished with them. The animals feel helpless in the face of this, and they are attracted to Old Major's ideas of rising up and taking their freedom. They do not, however, take Old Major seriously when he warns them not to start acting like the humans.
The animals' situation reflects the discontent in Russia under the last czar. Conditions were horrible, and ideas about equality were spreading. Like the animals in the novel, the Russian people, or at least some of them, did rise up under Communist leaders to overthrow their elite rulers.
The parallels continue in what happens next. The leaders of the revolutions grow in power. In the novel, the pigs begin to take control more and more, and pretty soon, not all animals are equal. A new elite forms. The animals as a whole lose power, and their situation returns to what it was before: namely, oppression and exploitation. The same thing happened in Russia as the Communist leaders assumed power for themselves and as ideas of equality quickly faded. Conditions grew worse and worse under the new system.