Animal Farm Analysis
- Animal Farm is a satirical political allegory that recasts the Russian Revolution with animals in place of humans. Old Major is Vladimir Lenin. Napoleon and Snowball correspond to Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky, respectively. After the communist revolution, Stalin exiled Trotsky, just as Napoleon exiles Snowball.
- Orwell uses dramatic irony in scenes where the reader knows more than the animals, such as when Squealer claims that Boxer died in a hospital while receiving the best medical treatment. In reality, Napoleon sent Boxer to a glue factory to be slaughtered.
- Orwell draws on traditional fairy tales, folktales, and fables in Animal Farm. He subtitled the novel "A Fairy Story," indicating that the narrative has fantastical elements that nevertheless impart an important moral lesson, like traditional fairy tales do.