Other Literary Forms
Before his arrest in 1965 for smuggling “anti-Soviet propaganda,” Andrei Sinyavsky was a senior research associate at the Gorky Institute of World Literature in Moscow and had become a well-known literary critic, focusing primarily on modern Russian literature. After emigrating to Paris in 1973, he published more criticism as well as book-length literary essays. The works that led to his arrest, however, were, except for the literary essay Chto takoe sotsialisticheskii realizm (1959; On Socialist Realism, 1960), fiction: two novels and some half-dozen stories. All appeared in the West under the pseudonym Abram Tertz. He also wrote a book of aphorisms, Mysli vrasplokh (1966; Unguarded Thoughts, 1972), and the nonfiction works Soviet Civilization: A Cultural History (1990) and The Russian Intelligentsia (1997).