Other literary forms
In 1921, André Malraux (mal-ROH) published the fictional text Lunes en papier, a Surrealist composition. In addition to his novels, Malraux wrote several books on art, the most significant of which is the three-volume La Psychologie de l’art (1947-1950; The Psychology of Art, 1949-1950). Other volumes on art include Le Musée imaginaire de la sculpture mondiale (1952-1954, 3 volumes) and La Métamorphose des dieux (1976, 3 volumes). Malraux wrote two significant essays on painters: Saturne: Essai sur Goya (1950; Saturn: An Essay on Goya, 1957) and La Tête d’obsidienne (1974; Picasso’s Mask, 1976), published as the third volume of Le Miroir des limbes (1976). The latter work also contains meditations unrelated to art, notably what Malraux has called his Antimémoires (1967; Anti-Memoires, 1968) and Les Chênes qu’on abat (1971; Felled Oaks: Conversation with de Gaulle, 1972), a tribute to the memory of Charles de Gaulle.
At the end of his writing career, Malraux wrote L’Homme précaire et la littérature (precarious man and literature), a critical work in which he reevaluated the evolution of literature. This volume was published posthumously in 1977.