All of Us
Raymond Carver, who died in 1988, is one of the best-known fiction writers of the second half of the twentieth century; his short stories appear in the vast majority of teaching texts and fiction anthologies. His poetry is far less universally known, although he was publishing poetry as well as fiction over his writing years. Editor William L. Stull has collected his poems into a substantial volume, which in addition to the poems includes a preface; a moving introduction by his second wife, poet Tess Gallagher; and a number of appendices.
The poems are clear, accessible fragments of Carver’s own troubled story. Carver’s life included alcoholism, bankruptcy, divorce, and early death from cancer. His major spiritual father was Anton Chekhov, whose life and writings Carver grafted onto his own. The poems narrate the turmoil of Carver’s life and reflect its Chekhovian nature. Some of the poems seem to be embryonic short stories, while others are honest fragments. Their memorable natural imagery enhances their wistfulness. The last poems, which were posthumously published in the collection A NEW PATH TO THE WATERFALL (1989), tell of the poet’s acceptance of his coming death, and celebrate the last few months he shared with his wife, Tess Gallagher. “Late Fragment” sums up the final poems: “And did you get what/ you wanted from this life, even so?/ I did./ And what did you want?/ To call myself beloved, to feel myself/ beloved on the earth.”
These are not poet’s poems, since they have a directness not common in contemporary poetry, but they are emotionally intense reflections that serve to amplify our understanding of Carver.
Sources for Further Study
Booklist. XCV, September 1, 1998, p. 58.
The Economist. CCCXLVIII, August 15, 1998, p. 72.
Library Journal. CXXIII, September 15, 1998, p. 83.
The New York Times Book Review. CIII, November 8, 1998, p. 22.
Publishers Weekly. CCXLV, July 27, 1998, p. 71.
San Francisco Chronicle. October 4, 1998, p. REV4.
All of Us
Raymond Carver is one of the twentieth century’s most popular storytellers; fiction anthologies and literature textbooks nearly always feature samples of his work. “Where I’m Calling From” and “What We Talk About When We Talk About Love” have become as familiar to students as William Faulkner’s “Barn Burning” and often more popular with them. Carver’s stories use compressed, elliptical dialogue to telegraph intense emotions in psychologically persuasive, sympathetic characters. To read Carver’s fiction is to feel powerfully in touch with the surface and depths of twentieth century life.
Carver’s fiction was recognized immediately and received numerous awards during his life; he was nominated for the National Book Award for Will You Please Be Quiet, Please (1976), and for the Pulitzer Prize for the collection What We Talk About When We Talk About Love (1981). In 1988 he was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Carver died in 1988 of cancer; his fiction has continued to gain recognition since his death. His combination of the casual and the violent, all presented in the precise idiom of the time and place, has won for him a permanent place in literature.
Carver is less well known as a poet, but he was publishing poetry as well as fiction over his writing years. However, his books of poetry were less well known and less widely and favorably reviewed. William L. Stull has collected them into a substantial volume, which in addition to the poems includes a preface; an introduction by his second wife, poet Tess Gallagher; and a number of appendices. The appendices include uncollected poems, Gallagher’s introduction to A New Path to the Waterfall (1989), small-press sources of Carver’s major books, a note on “In a Marine Light,” bibliographical and textual notes, a life chronology, and a list of posthumous publications. These are followed by an index of titles and an index of first lines, providing almost one hundred pages of apparatus. Moreover,...
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