Alfred Richard Orage Further Reading - Essay

Further Reading

(Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism)


Carswell, John. “The Moon-Girl From Port Elizabeth.” In Lives and Letters: A. R. Orage, Beatrice Hastings, Katherine Mansfield, John Middleton Murry, S. S. Koteliansky, pp. 28-51. New York: New Directions, 1978.

A biographical examination of how Orage came to the New Age and its influence on the era's writers.

Kadlec, David. “Pound, BLAST, and Syndicalism.” ELH 60, no. 4 (winter 1993): 1015-31.

An evaluation of Ezra Pound's efforts in the Syndicalist movement that discusses Orage's role in guiding these struggles.

Mairet, Philip. A. R. Orage: A Memoir. London, England: J. M. Dent, 1936, 132 p.

Account of Orage's life from a member of his literary circle.


Martin, Wallace. The New Age Under Orage: Chapters in English Cultural History. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1967, 303 p.

Sympathetic treatment of Orage's literary criticism and his role in fostering political and cultural activity.

Munson, Gorham. “Orage in America.” In The Awakening Twenties: A Memoir-history of a Literary Period, pp. 253-83. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1985.

Focuses on Orage's work with the mystic Gurdjieff.

Rawlinson, Andrew. “The Gurdjieff Legacy: A. R. Orage.” In The Book of Enlightened Masters: Western Teachers in Eastern Tradition, pp. 306-08. Chicago: Open Court Publishing Company, 1997.

Explores Gurdjieff's influence on and relationship with Orage.

Welch, Louise. “Inner Fires.” In Orage With Gurdjieff in America, pp. 30-7. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982.

Outlines the skills of Orage that enabled him to introduce people to Gurdjieff's meta-physical ideas.

Additional coverage of Orage's life and career is contained in the following sources published by Thomson Gale: Contemporary Authors, Vol. 122; and Literature Resource Center.