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What does the Alchemist say to persuade Santiago to continue his journey?

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Santiago is traveling with the Alchemist through an area in which tribal fighting is as its most intense. This is clearly a very dangerous part of the world and Santiago can be forgiven for not wanting to continue on this potentially fatal trek. Indeed, he openly tells the Alchemist that his heart tells him not to go on, as he's afraid he'll lose everything.

In an attempt to stiffen Santiago's weakening resolve, the Alchemist replies that no heart can suffer so long as it pursues its dreams. The reason for this is that to pursue a dream is to encounter God, which is the most important thing in life.

Santiago wisely takes the Alchemist's words to heart, and by the next morning, his attitude has completely changed. Now his heart tells him that everyone who has God within him is happy and that everyone has a treasure waiting for them. Santiago is now at peace with himself, ready to take on the next stage of his incredible journey.

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In Paulo Coelho's The Alchemist, how does the alchemist convince Santiago to go on in his trip?

In Paulo Coelho's The Alchemist, actually it is not the alchemist that convinces Santiago to go on his trip to pursue his Personal Legend, unless you believe that Melchizedek (the King of Salem) that Santiago meets early on, is the same person. (I do not: Melchizedek talks to God, referring to him as "my Lord." The alchemist is a teacher, not a "prophet" like Melchizedek.)

When Santiago decides to follow his dream of treasure by going to the Pyramids in Egypt, he asks a gypsy woman to explain his recurring dream. For this she asks for ten percent of his treasure if he finds it. In the marketplace, the King of Salem approaches the boy (Santiago) and tells him that he will give him the information he needs to find his treasure for a tenth of Santiago's flock.

It is Melchizedek (the King of Salem) who explains about Santiago's Personal Legend and omens, and that once he begins to follow his dream, the universe will do all it can to help him reach his goal.

When you want something, all the universe conspires in helping you to achieve it.

The second piece of information that the King of Salem gives Santiago is that just when you are ready to quit, that is the time you must move forward, so as not to come so close to your goal that at the last minute, you turn away from it—never knowing how close you actually were.

As an example, he tells the boy that sometimes he (Melchizedek) appears to someone—in an unusual form—just about the time that person is ready to quit following his Personal Legend. Recently he has helped a miner who had been searching for an emerald.

...the miner was about to give it all up, [and] if he were to examine just one more stone—just one more—he would find his emerald. [Melchizedek] transformed himself into a stone that rolled up to the miner's foot. [In anger, the miner] picked up the stone and threw it broke the stone it fell upon...and there...was the most beautiful emerald in the world.

The King of Salem tells Santiago this story so he won't give up, giving him encouragement and direction to hold onto his dream.

(Santiago does not meet the alchemist until the later part of the story, and the alchemist helps Santiago realize what true treasure is—love—and how to achieve his Personal Legend.)

The King of Salem tells Santiago about his dream before the boy ever speaks of it, and can read his mind, as he does regarding the boy's grandfather and omens, even as Santiago is thinking silently to himself. In showing that he is knowledgeable and powerful, he offers Santiago hope that he will find his Personal Legend simply by sticking to his path. Santiago's heart is open, and in these ways, Melchizedek is able to direction the boy onto the path that will bring him happiness.

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In The Alchemistby Coelho, how does the Alchemist assist Santiago on his journey?

The alchemist is presented as rather a mysterious and magical figure in this novel, who possesses the knowledge and resources necessary to enable thim to transform any metal to gold. The alchemist's role in this story is mainly as a teacher or a guide to Santiago, though much of the advice that he gives his youthful charge is in riddles, as he expects Santiago to work out the meaning of his teachings for himself.

Focusing on the teachings of the alchemist allow us to consider how the overarching metaphor of this story of alchemy, which means the transmutation of one element into another element that is more valuable, applies to Santiago's own development and journey. The wisdom of the alchemist gives him a connection to the Soul of the World, which in turn gives him his mystical abilities and qualifies him to lead Santiago on in his own search to gain understanding of the Soul of the World. The hands-off, facilitatory teaching of the alchemist enables Santiago to learn from the world in which he is placed and to discover his own mystical powers. Santiago is the catalyst of his own transformation, and the role of the alchemist is to make Santiago realise that he has to be his own agent of change. Note the final piece of advice that the alchemist bestows upon Santiago:

What you still need to know is this: before a dream is realized, the Soul of the World tests everything that was learned along the way. It does this not because it is evil, but so that we can, in addition to realizing our dreams, master the lessons we’ve learned as we’ve moved toward that dream. That’s the point at which, as we say in the language of the desert, one ‘dies of thirst just when the palm trees have appeared on the horizon.’ ... Every search begins with beginner’s luck. And every search ends with the victor’s being severely tested.

These words clearly point towards the importance of the journey in itself and not just reaching the goal. Learning through action, the alchemist stresses, and Santiago eventually learns, is just as valuable and vital as achieving one's goals in life.

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