Journal of the American Oriental Society (essay date 1899)
SOURCE: “The Life of al-Ghazzālī, with Special Reference to His Religious Experiences and Opinions.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 20 (1899): 71-132.
[In the following essay, the critic examines aspects of al-Ghazālī's life, travels, and studies which readily influenced his theological positions.]
In the history of the development of Muslim theology two names stand out conspicuously, each marking a great point of departure. They are those of al-Ash‘arī1 and al-Ghazzālī. The former was the principal founder of scholastic theology in Islām; it was under the hands of the latter that that theology took its final form, and the Church of...
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