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(Critical Survey of Literature for Students)

Mrs. Grey, a squire’s daughter, offends her family by getting married only for love to a poor parson in the north of England. She bears him six children, but only two, Mary and Agnes, survive. Nevertheless, the Greys are happy with their humble, educated, pious life in their small house and garden. Mr. Grey, never wholly at his ease because his wife was forced to give up carriages and fine clothes in order to marry him, attempts to improve their fortunes by speculating and investing his patrimony in a merchant’s sea voyage. However, the vessel is wrecked, everything is lost, and the Greys are soon left penniless. In addition, Mr. Grey’s health, never robust, begins to fail perceptibly under the strain of his guilt for bringing his family close to ruin. Mary and Agnes, reared in the sheltered atmosphere of a clergyman’s household, have spent their time reading, studying, and working in the garden. When the family situation becomes desperate, however, Mary tries to sell her drawings to help with the household expenses, and Agnes, the younger daughter, decides to become a governess.

Overcoming the qualms her family feels at the idea of her leaving home, Agnes finds employment and, on a bleak and windy autumn day, arrives at Wellwood, the home of the Bloomfield family. She is received coldly by Mrs. Bloomfield and told that her charges, especially Tom, a seven-year-old boy, are noble and splendid children. She soon finds that the reverse is true. Tom is an arrogant and disobedient little monster whose particular delight is to pull the legs and wings off young sparrows. Mary Ann, his six-year-old sister, is given to temper tantrums and refuses to do her lessons. The children are frightened of their father, a peevish and stern disciplinarian, and the father, in turn, blames Agnes when the children frequently get out of control.

Agnes finds it impossible to teach the children anything because all her efforts to discipline them are undermined by Mrs. Bloomfield, who believes that her angels are always right. Even four-year-old Fanny lies consistently and is fond of spitting in people’s faces. For a time, Agnes is heartened by Mr. Bloomfield’s mother’s visit, but the pious old lady turns out to be a hypocrite who sympathizes with Agnes verbally and then turns on her behind her back.

Matters become a great deal worse with the visit of Uncle Robson, Mrs. Bloomfield’s brother, who encourages young Tom to torture small animals. One day, after he collects a whole brood of young birds for Tom to torture, Agnes crushes them with a large stone, choosing to kill them quickly rather than to see them suffer a slow, cruel death. The family thinks she deprived Tom of his normal, spirited pleasure. Shortly after this incident, she is told that her services are no longer required; the Bloomfields believe that she did not discipline the children properly or teach them very much.

Agnes spends a few months with her family at home before taking up her next post....

(The entire section is 1,081 words.)