The Aftermath of World War II

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What impact did the baby boom have on Canadian society?

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Like the United States, Canada experienced a sharp uptick in births in the aftermath of the Great Depression and Second World War. This so-called "baby boom" had a number of causes, but the most significant was the rapid and widespread economic expansion in Canada following the lean years of the Great Depression and the sacrifices made during World War II. The effect was, quite simply, that the biggest generation in Canada's history emerged. This created increased demand for education, healthcare, and the job market, all of which had to expand to meet this demand. During the 1960s, the baby boom generation began to reach adulthood, and because they were better educated and more affluent on average than their parents, they held different politics and beliefs about society. A counterculture movement very similar to that in the United States thus emerged on Canadian college campuses. In the long term, the effects of the Canadian baby boom are not fully realized, but as more and more Canadians of this generation get older and reach retirement age, they force the nation's healthcare system and other social safety nets to adjust.

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