(Literary Essentials: World Fiction)

After the Banquet is a political and social satire. Yuken Noguchi, the elderly politician in the novel, was based on an actual public figure, while the central character of interest in the narrative is Kazu Fukuzawa, the middle-aged proprietress of the Setsugoan restaurant, which was based on the famous Hannya-en restaurant in Tokyo. Although the work is written in the third person and the story is often told in a tongue-in-cheek style, the focus is on Kazu, who is treated more sympathetically than her elderly lover-statesman.

The novel begins with Kazu having arrived at a point in her life when her love affairs are past and when everything seems quite clear to her; she has divided human psychology into firmly defined compartments and is confident of her point of view and her position. Indeed, it is just this prideful confidence and certainty that the action of the novel serves to undermine. The narrative development of After the Banquet begins when Kazu finds herself attracted to the retired politician Yuken Noguchi.

Although many of Noguchi’s gestures and comments make her think that he is an old man, Kazu is primarily fascinated by his dignified and stately manner. Furthermore, he seems to represent a world of the intellect, a realm of books and ideas and principles—all of which are alien to her rustic and intuitive nature. She develops an ideal image of the man, seeing him as one who has no self but the dignified, if somewhat stilted, aura that he presents to her. After their wedding ceremony Kazu believes that she has realized the goal of a lifetime: She has become the wife of a distinguished man.

Married life, however, is not without its difficulties—primarily resulting from the clash of Kazu’s independence and masculine thinking with her husband’s...

(The entire section is 747 words.)