Book 1 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What three reasons does Virgil give for Juno’s anger?

2. Where have the Trojans just left?

3. What is ironic about the incipient romance between Dido and Aeneas?

4. Why can Aeneas walk about Carthage unseen?

5. On which two occasions do references to hunting appear in this book?

6. What omen does Venus say predicts the safe arrival of Aeneas’ fleet?

7. Who killed Dido’s husband?

8. What epithet is used most frequently to describe Aeneas?

9. Who does Jupiter list last as Aeneas’ descendant?

10. How does Cupid sneak into Dido’s arms?

1. Juno’s anger arises because of the judgment of Paris, the Trojans’ descent from an illegitimate son of Jupiter (“the breed she hated”--42), and the displacement of Hebe, Juno’s daughter, by Ganymede, a Trojan prince, as cup bearer of the gods.

2. The Trojans have just left Sicily.

3. Dido and Aeneas’ romance is ironic because of the bitter hatred that existed between Rome and Carthage for many years.

4. Aeneas is hidden by a fog of invisibility placed around him by Venus.

5. References to hunting appear in Aeneas’ killing of the seven deer and in Venus’ disguise as a huntress.

6. Venus says that the appearance of 12 swans predicts the arrival of Aeneas’ lost ships.

7. Dido’s husband was killed by her brother.

8. Aeneas is frequently called “pious Aeneas.”

9. Caesar Augustus, Virgil’s king, is the last person listed in Jupiter’s recounting of Aeneas’ glorious descendents.

10. Venus disguises Cupid as Aeneas’ son, Ascanius Iulis, so he can sneak close to Dido.

Book 2 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. Who is the first to tell Aeneas of his future in Italy?

2. What two opinions exist concerning the nature of the Trojan horse?

3. What pastoral metaphor describes the Greeks’ murderous entry of Priam’s palace?

4. How does Sinon repay the kindness of the Trojans?

5. What do the Greek ships do while the Trojans debate over the nature of the horse?

6. What action of the murderous sea snakes convinces the Trojans that Minerva does not want them to harm the horse?

7. What double blasphemy does Pyrrhus commit?

8. Who is really to blame for Troy’s fall?

9. What other names are used for Troy?

10. Why is Aeneas, the brave warrior, so nervous as he leaves Troy?

1. It is Hector who first tells Aeneas that he is destined to establish a great city.

2. While some Trojans believe the horse is a sacred offering to Minerva, others believe it is a Greek trick.

3. Aeneas says that a flooding river, dragging “flocks and folds across the fields,” would be less furious than the slaughter of the Greek soldiers (668).

4. After being given refuge within Troy, Sinon opens up the Trojan horse, setting free the soldiers within it.

5. The Greek ships depart Troy’s harbor, making it appear that they have returned to Greece.

6. The snakes take refuge in Minerva’s temple after killing Laocoon.

7. Pyrrhus not only murders a son in front of his father, but also murders (twice) on a household altar.

8. It is the gods’ restlessness that is responsible for Troy’s downfall.

9. It is also called Ilium and Pergamus.

10. Aeneas, as he leaves Troy, is worried about the safety of his father and his son.

Book 3 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What curse does Celaeno cast on the Trojans?

2. What sign does Helenus say will show Aeneas where to found his city?

3. To whom does Helenus advise Aeneas to make sacrifices?

4. Why do the Trojans found a colony on Crete?

5. What religious practices are discussed in this book?

6. How was Polyphemus blinded?

7. What happens when Aeneas attempts to pull branches off the Thracian myrtle?

8. How did Andromache come to be married to Helenus?

9. Aside from Scylla and Charybdis, what must the Trojans avoid on their way to Italy?

10. Where does Helenus advise Aeneas to take no count of time during his visit?

1. Celaeno curses the Trojans to eat their plates before they find their new home.

2. Helenus tells Aeneas to look for a snow-white sow with 30 piglets.

3. Helenus advises Aeneas to make sacrifices to Juno.

4. Anchises, believing that King Teucer is the Trojan ancestor to whom the oracles refer, chooses Crete as the appropriate destination.

5. There are many religious practices in Book Three. For example, at the funeral for Polydorus, offerings are made of bowls of milk and blood; Aeneas pours wine on the hearth after the vision of the household gods; and following the advice of Helenus, the Trojans take up the practice of wearing a purple mantle on the head when they make sacrifices.

6. Polyphemus was blinded by Odysseus and his men.

7. The tree bleeds blood instead of sap.

8. After taking Andromache as a prize from Troy, Pyrrhus eventually married Hermione and gave Andromache to Helenus.

9. The Trojans must take care to avoid hostile Greek forces on their way to Italy.

10. Helenus advises Aeneas to spend as much time as necessary at the cave of the Sibyl.

Book 4 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. To whom does Dido tell of her love for Aeneas?

2. What bad effects does Dido’s passion have on her city?

3. Why do Juno and Venus cooperate to bring Dido and Aeneas together?

4. What simile describes Aeneas as he leaves the city to go

5. How is Jupiter alerted to Aeneas’ dalliance?

6. How does Mercury insult Aeneas’ efforts to build Carthage?

7. What does Dido say would confront her in the face of Aeneas’ departure?

8. What differing views do Aeneas and Dido hold of their affair?

9. What curse does Dido wish upon Aeneas?

10. What service does Iris perform for Dido?

1. Dido tells her sister Anna about her feelings for Aeneas.

2. Dido’s passion causes construction of Carthage to come to a halt.

3. Juno wants to make Carthage the great kingdom of the Mediterranean, while Venus wants to see her son succeed.

4. He is compared to graceful Apollo returning to Delos.

5. The prayers of King Jarbas alert Jupiter.

6. Mercury asks if Aeneas is a woman’s servant.

7. Dido says she would be comforted if she were to have a child by him.

8. Dido sees it as a marriage, which Aeneas denies.

9. Dido wishes Aeneas to drown crying her name. She later curses him to watch as his people are slaughtered and be denied the enjoyment of his new kingdom, dying unburied in the sand.

10. Iris cuts a lock of hair from her head, enabling her soul to escape.

Book 5 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. Why does Aeneas believe the sacrifice to his father’s shade has been well-received?

2. What is symbolic about the prize Cloanthus receives?

3. To what is Sergestus’ boat compared?

4. Why do the gloves of Eryx enable Entellus to kill an ox?

5. How does Pyrgo know that the disguised Iris is a goddess?

6. Who is it that actually hits the dove in the shooting match?

7. What are the Trojan women complaining about when Iris arrives?

8. What final, non-competitive event ends the day’s festivities?

9. What “sacrifice” does Neptune want for providing the Trojans safe passage to Italy?

10. How does Palinarus fall into the ocean?

1. A snake slides from Anchises’ funeral shrine and tastes all of the offerings.

2. The scene embroidered on the cloak is of Ganymede being snatched away by Jupiter’s eagle. The replacement of Hebe by Ganymede as cupbearers of the gods is one of the reasons Juno cites for being angry with the Trojans.

3. His boat is compared to a wounded snake that still appears fierce despite having a broken back.

4. They have lead and iron sewn inside them.

5. Pyrgo has just spoken to the woman disguised as Iris.

6. Eurytion hits the dove.

7. The Trojan women are tired of sailing from place to place and want a city again.

8. An equestrian exhibit by the young men concludes the day’s events.

9. Neptune wants just one human life in exchange for the safe passage he gives the Trojans.

10. After shaking a sleeping potion into his eyes, the god Sleep pushes Palinarus into the ocean.

Book 6 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. How does Misenus die?

2. What birds are sacred to Venus?

3. To whom does Dido turn for comfort?

4. Why does Aeneas not attack the monsters within the cave of hell?

5. What sort of activities do the dead enjoy in Elysium?

6. What similes does Virgil use to describe the gathering of the souls on the banks of the Lethe?

7. Who inhabit the Fields of Mourning?

8. What is symbolic about the father of Romulus?

9. What indicates that Numa is a priest?

10. What simile describes Dido’s response to Aeneas’ pleas?

1. He challenged Triton to a trumpeting duel and was dashed against the shoals for his insolence.

2. Doves are her sacred bird, and it is only fitting that they should show Aeneas the golden tree.

3. In death, Dido is comforted by the shade of her dead husband, Sychaeus.

4. The Sibyl warns Aeneas it would be useless, as the creatures do not have any substance.

5. In the Elysian fields the dead wrestle, they dance, they sing, and they care for their war horses.

6. He says they are like bees buzzing over a field of flowers.

7. The fields of mourning are inhabited by those who died for love.

8. The symbolism of having Mars as the father of Romulus (which was indeed the tradition) is that Rome was founded on war and the military virtues.

9. He is carrying offerings and is crowned with a wreath of olive leaves.

10. Dido is like “stubborn flint or some Marpessan crag” (619). The phrase echoes Aeneas’ response to Dido’s pleas in Book Four.

Book 7 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What simile is used to describe Amata when the snake’s venom has made her mad?

2. How did Galaesus die?

3. Whom does Amata pretend has possessed her?

4. Why does Turnus enter the war?

5. Why does King Latinus offer his daughter in marriage to Aeneas?

6. Where do bees appear in this book?

7. What power does the priest Umbro have?

8. What does Latinus do when his people ask him to declare war?

9. What relatively trivial incident triggers the war?

10. Where has the image on Turnus’ helmet previously appeared in the Aeneid?

1. She is like a top, whipped...

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Book 8 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. How does Virgil describe Tiberinus?

2. What offering does Aeneas make to Juno?

3. Why does Evander recognize Aeneas?

4. How does Cacus attempt to hide the location of the cattle he steals?

5. How do Hercules’ troubles parallel Aeneas’?

6. How did Cacus decorate the outside of his cave?

7. Why is Mezentius no longer on his throne?

8. Who forges Aeneas’ wonderful armor?

9. What two people does Augustus face at Actium?

10. What different names are given for the forces whose aid Aeneas seeks?

1. Tiberinus is dressed in sea-green linen, with a crown of reeds on...

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Book 9 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What is Turnus compared to as he paces the Trojan’s walls?

2. What does Euryalus say is a cheap price for honor?

3. Why does Euryalus not bid his mother good-bye?

4. What three things foreshadow the death of Nisus and Euryalus?

5. What final attempt does Nisus make to save his friend?

6. What two gods are used in the simile describing Turnus hauling a Trojan down from the fort’s walls?

7. Why doesn’t Bitias’ spear hit Turnus?

8. What simile is used to describe the death of the giant Bitias?

9. What mistake does Turnus make once within the Trojan camp?

10. How does the Tiber respond to...

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Book 10 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. Whose prophecies does Juno say the Aeneidae have been

2. Why is Pallas not afraid of Turnus?

3. How does Pallas’ belt mirror Pallas’ own fate?

4. Why does Hercules cry?

5. What curse does Aeneas pronounce over Tarquitus’ corpse?

6. Who is Turnus’ sister?

7. Why is Juno allowed to interfere in the battle?

8. Give two similes used to describe Mezentius on the battlefield.

9. Why is Aeneas distressed by the death of Lausus?

10. What is Mezentius’ last wish?

1. She says they have been following “the prophecies of mad Cassandra”...

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Book 11 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What does Diomedes say has been the fate of the Greeks who participated in the Trojan War?

2. Along with gold and ivory, what gift does Latinus want presented to the Trojans?

3. Why does Evander want Aeneas to avenge Pallas’ death?

4. What difference is there between the Trojan and the Latin funerals?

5. How does Turnus insult Drances?

6. What metaphor is used to describe Turnus?

7. What aid do the gods improperly offer during the meeting of the forces outside of Laurentum?

8. What metaphor is used to describe the struggle between Tarchon and Venulus?

9. What second big opportunity does Turnus’ rage...

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Book 12 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. Who tries to discourage Turnus from fighting?

2. What sign does Juturna make appear in the sky?

3. How do Aeneas’ and Turnus’ responses to the disintegration of the truce differ?

4. What simile is used to describe Turnus as he races around in his chariot?

5. What simile describes Aeneas as he leads his troops back on the field?

6. What sign tells Turnus that his plans in Laurentum are all to come to nothing?

7. What other character dies exactly as Turnus dies (“with a moan...fled to shades below”)?

8. What animal simile is used for both Turnus and Aeneas?

9. Why does Juturna curse her status as an...

(The entire section is 271 words.)