Adolfo Bioy Casares Biography


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

The novelist and short-story writer Adolfo Bioy Casares (bee-YOY kah-SAH-rays), who became known in the United States primarily as a longtime friend and collaborator of Jorge Luis Borges, has been credited with introducing the science-fiction genre into the Argentine literary landscape. Bioy Casares was the son of Adolfo Bioy, a wealthy landowner, and his wife, Marta Casares. He spent his infancy both in the city and on the family ranch in the province of Buenos Aires. As an imaginative young boy, Bioy Casares found the night sky, pictures of the dead, and mirrors to be gateways to a marvelous reality. He also nurtured the terrifying yet compelling world of the fantastic through his readings. During his high school years he was particularly attracted to mathematics, but his love of writing was stronger.{$S[A]Lynch, B. Suárez;Bioy Casares, Adolfo}{$S[A]Davis, B. Lynch (joint);Bioy Casares, Adolfo}{$S[A]Domecq, H. Bustos (joint);Bioy Casares, Adolfo}{$S[A]Miranda, Javier;Bioy Casares, Adolfo}{$S[A]Sacastra, Martin;Bioy Casares, Adolfo}

Bioy Casares’s first literary work, completed in 1928, was a fantastic thriller titled Vanidad: O, Una aventura terrorifica (vanity, or a terrifying adventure). At that time, he was discovering nineteenth century Spanish literature, the Bible, Dante, James Joyce, and the Argentine classics. Comic strips and popular novelettes, however, also appealed to him. Like most upper-class Argentinians, he studied at the University of Argentina, first in the law school, then in the faculty of philosophy and letters, but he never completed his university studies and returned instead to manage his father’s ranch.

In 1932, Bioy Casares met Borges, and a close personal friendship and lifelong collaborative effort began. Together they...

(The entire section is 730 words.)


(Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Bach, Caleb. “The Inventions of Adolfo Bioy Casares.” Americas 45, no. 6 (November/December, 1993). A comprehensive survey of Bioy Casares’s works. Bioy Casares’s early years as a law student and his collaboration with Jorge Luis Borges and Silvina Ocampo are detailed.

Camurati, Mireya. “Adolfo Bioy Casares.” In Latin American Writers, edited by Carlos A. Solé and Maria I. Abreau. Vol. 3. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1989. An essay on the life and career of Bioy Casares. Includes analysis of his works and a bibliography.

Coleman, Alexander. “Fantastic Argentine.” The New Criterion 13, no. 2 (October, 1994). Coleman profiles Bioy Casares and focuses on his fictional works.

Levine, Susanne J. “Parody Island: Two Novels by Bioy Casares.” Hispanic Journal 4, no. 2 (Spring, 1983). Compares The Invention of Morel and A Plan for Escape.

Levine, Susanne J. “Science Versus the Library in The Island of Dr. Moreau, La invención de Morel, and Plan de evasión.” Latin American Literary Review 9, no. 18 (Spring/Summer, 1981): 17-26. Relates Bioy Casares’s novels to H. G. Wells’s The Island of Dr. Moreau (1896).

Meehan, Thomas C. “Temporal Simultaneity and the Theme of Time Travel in a Fantastic Story by Adolfo Bioy Casares.” Romance Quarterly 30, no. 2 (1983). The topic of time travel is studied.

Snook, Margaret L. In Search of Self: Gender and Identity in Bioy Casares’s Fantastic Fiction. New York: Peter Lang, 1998. Snook analyzes gender and identity issues in Bioy Casares’s fiction. A close reading and psychological interpretation of his major works.