Abraham Lincoln Biography

Abraham Lincoln Biography

Abraham Lincoln is widely regarded as one of America’s greatest heroes and one of its sharpest political minds. Born into frontier obscurity and raised in a log cabin, Lincoln rose quickly in society from a backwoods rail-splitter to a militia captain in the Blackhawk War. Later, his law career led him into politics and he entered the public spotlight in a U.S. Senate race that centered on the future of slavery in America. Lincoln went on to become the first Republican president and his election led to Southern secession and the Civil War. A shrewd politician, Lincoln managed to lead the North to victory and laid the foundation for the abolition of slavery, but he would not live to see his country reunited. He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater, five days after Robert E. Lee surrendered. 

Facts and Trivia

  • In 1860, Lincoln became the first Republican candidate for U.S. president.
  • After the battle of Antietam in 1862, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves in the states that were still in rebellion on January 1, 1863.
  • In November 1863, Lincoln delivered his “Gettysburg Address” at the dedication of the national cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
  • Lincoln first appeared on the $5 bill in 1914.
  • Lincoln lost all but one of his young children during his tenure in office and suffered bouts of deep depression throughout his presidency.
  • He remains the only president to have held a patent. It was for a device that would help free steamboats when they ran aground.
  • He approved the Yosemite Grant which provided federal protection for what is now Yosemite National Park.
  • Lincoln is the president who established Thanksgiving as a national holiday, which had previously been a regional New England holiday.
Additional Content
  • Biography (History of the World: The 19th Century)
  • Biography (Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)
  • Biography (Comprehensive Guide to Military History)
  • Bibliography (Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

(The entire section is 4195 words.)