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Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Word Count: 455

A basic premise of Clarke's science fiction is that the universe produces life. For better or for worse, life develops and evolves. Rudimentary life forms evolve into sentient beings. Sentient beings develop technologies which enable them to either destroy themselves or, eventually, to grow beyond the need for material bodies and into some form of higher consciousness which becomes one with the essence of the universe. Aspects of this premise are implied or stated in Clarke's prior stories. They are explicitly summarized in the first chapter of 3001.

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The human race is portrayed as either "seeded" or "cultured" by some alien race which roams the universe fostering other life forms. This pattern presents humans as a lesser type still fighting to progress toward better control of its environment and its capabilities while it is monitored and occasionally manipulated by the alien civilization. Humanity risks termination by the aliens if the race makes too little progress or wreaks too much destruction. Dave Bowman, absorbed by the alien system, could be considered "evolved" to the post material status Clarke uses in his fiction as the ultimate goal of a civilization, but the human race in general has not made the leap to the nonmaterial. Bowman was taken over by the alien system. Thus, defying the alien power shows the essential independence of the human mind and spirit.

With the theme of progress, Clarke builds the premise that organized religion is insanity, more destructive than positive. Most of the several characters populating 3001 have little to say about matters of religion. Preparing Poole to meet Ted Khan, Indra Wallace makes remarks that moderately cushion or counter Khan's strong point of view. Unlike some earlier Clarke novels, however, 3001 brings no other character differing with Khan into the action with force equal to his.

In the culture of 3001, old religious traditions have largely faded away, and social conformities generally spread through use of the Braincap. The word "God" itself has grown to be a repulsive reminder of primitive religious oppression and warfare. People of the 3001 era commonly hold a generalized belief in a Creator or Prime Cause. "Theists" believe there is no more than one God, and "Deists" believe there is no less than one. Society sorted through the names of gods from many past religions before settling on the Latin "deus" and the Greek "theos" as the least objectionable ones. Doctrinally, people believe, Indra Wallace says, "as little as possible."

The population of Earth at the planet's surface has stabilized at a sustainable size. However, this fact is again conveyed through quick generalization with no comment on the how society achieved the stabilization. Thus, the plot presumes a society in which casual sexual encounters apparently carry no medical or social liabilities.

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