- 1984 warns readers about the dangers of totalitarianism. Orwell wrote the novel in part to illustrate how socialist revolutions could degenerate into totalitarian regimes.
- Oppression works hand in hand with the theme of totalitarianism. Big Brother is the visual representation of that oppression, monitoring his citizens even as they sleep. This constant surveillance makes it impossible for the people of Oceania to express themselves without fear of the Thought Police.
- In the dystopian world of 1984, love is discouraged. Instead, the Party demands the utmost loyalty from its citizens to the point where many are driven insane by their fanaticism.