- What phrase appears on the posters in Winston Smith’s building?
- Through what instrument do the Thought Police watch people?
- Of what province of Oceania is London the “chief city”?
- What is the official language of Oceania?
- What are the three slogans of the Party?
- What are the four Ministries of the Party?
- Who is featured in every Two Minutes Hate?
- With what two countries is Oceania intermittently at war?
- What phrase does Winston write over and over in his diary?
- What is “the essential crime that contained all others in itself”?
- The phrase that appears on the posters is “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU.”
- The Thought Police watch people through the telescreen.
- London is the chief city of Airstrip One.
- The official language of Oceania is Newspeak.
- The three slogans of the Party are “WAR IS PEACE,” “FREEDOM IS SLAVERY,” and “IGNORANCE IS FREEDOM.”
- The four Ministries are the Ministry of Truth (Minitrue), the Ministry of Peace (Minipax), the Ministry of Love (Miniluv), and the Ministry of Plenty (Miniplenty).
- Emmanuel Goldstein is featured in every Two Minutes Hate.
- Oceania is intermittently at war with Eurasia and Eastasia.
- Winston writes “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER.”
- The “essential crime” is thoughtcrime.
- What are citizens of Oceania supposed to call one another?
- Of what organization are the Parsons children wearing uniforms?
- On what committee is Tom Parsons a leading member?
- What name does Mrs. Parsons’s son call Winston after shooting him with the catapult?
- What does O’Brien say in Winston’s dream?
- Where does the voice on the telescreen say Oceania’s forces have just won a victory?
- What ration is being reduced?
- What song plays after the reduced ration is announced?
- What word appears behind the torn poster Winston sees from his window?
- Why does Winston place a grain of dust on his diary?
- Citizens of Oceania are supposed to call one another “comrade.”
- The Parsons children are wearing the uniforms of the Spies.
- Tom Parsons is a leading member of the Sports Committee.
- Mrs. Parsons’s son calls Winston “Goldstein.”
- O’Brien says, “We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness.”
- The voice on the telescreen says Oceania’s forces have just won a victory in South India.
- The chocolate ration is being reduced.
- The song that plays after the reduced ration announcement is “Oceania, ’Tis for Thee.”
- The word that appears behind the poster is INGSOC.
- Winston places the grain of dust on his diary so that he will know if someone moves the diary.
- Which three people does Winston see in his dream?
- About how old was Winston when his parents disappeared?
- What does Winston call the pasture in his recurring dreams?
- What word does Winston wake up with on his lips?
- On what city does Winston remember an atomic bomb having fallen?
- What Party slogan begins “Who controls the past…”?
- What is the Newspeak word for “reality control”?
- In what decade does Winston think he remembers first hearing of Big Brother?
- What is the Oldspeak term for Ingsoc?
- What does the Party falsely claim to have invented?
- Winston sees his mother, his sister, and the dark-haired girl from the Fiction Department.
- Winston was ten or eleven when his parents disappeared.
- Winston calls the pasture in his dreams “the Golden Country.”
- Winston wakes up with the word “Shakespeare” on his lips.
- Winston remembers an atomic bomb falling on Colchester.
- The slogan is “Who controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the past.”
- The Newspeak word for “reality control” is doublethink.
- Winston thinks he remembers first hearing of Big Brother in the 1960s.
- The Oldspeak term for Ingsoc is “English Socialism.”
- The Party falsely claims to have invented airplanes.
- What are memory holes?
- Who is Ampleforth?
- Who is Comrade Ogilvy?
- What work does Syme do in the Research Department?
- What does Syme say about the proles?
- What is duckspeak?
- Who used to frequent the Chestnut Tree Café?
- What do both Syme and Parsons ask Winston?
- Who does Winston believe might be spying on him?
- What is facecrime?
- Memory holes are the slits in the walls of the Ministry of Truth through which employees send documents and waste paper to the furnaces.
- Ampleforth is a coworker of Winston’s whose job is to produce “definitive texts” of poems—that is, to rectify poems to reflect the Party’s ideology.
- Comrade Ogilvy is a loyal soldier of the Party who Winston invents for the Order of the Day he has been given to rectify.
- Syme is a philologist with a specialty in Newspeak who is helping to compile the Eleventh Edition of the Newspeak dictionary.
- Syme says the proles are not human beings.
- Duckspeak is a Newspeak word that means “to quack like a duck”; it can be used as either insult or praise.
- Discredited former Party leaders used to gather at the Chestnut Tree Café before they were purged.
- Both Syme and Parsons ask Winston if he has any razor blades.
- Winston believes the girl with dark hair might be spying on him.
- Facecrime is Newspeak for the punishable offense of having an improper expression on one’s face.
- What does Winston believe is a person’s own worst enemy?
- What is artsem?
- What was the one thing Winston found unendurable about being married to Katharine?
- What memory torments Winston even after he writes it in his diary?
- Where does Winston believe hope lies?
- What is the Party’s slogan regarding proles?
- Who were Jones, Aaronson, and Rutherford?
- What is proved by the photograph Winston came across in 1973?
- Who does Winston realize he is writing his diary for?
- What does Winston write that freedom is?
- Winston believes a person’s own worst enemy is his or her nervous system, which could betray inner feelings or thoughts at any time.
- Artsem is Newspeak for artificial insemination, which is the only method by which the Junior Anti-Sex League believes children should be conceived.
- The one thing Winston found unendurable about being married to...
(The entire section is 262 words.)
- What is ownlife?
- What is a “steamer”?
- What is the “one public event to which the proles paid serious attention”?
- Why is the old man in the pub angry with the young bartender?
- What is the main thing Winston wants to find out from the old man in the pub?
- To what does Winston compare the proles because of their ability to “see small objects but not large ones”?
- What appeals to Winston about the glass paperweight he buys at the junk shop?
- What surprises Winston most about the room above Mr. Charrington’s shop?
- Which church is depicted in the print Mr. Charrington shows Winston?
- What does Winston think “the place where there is no darkness” refers to?
- Ownlife is Newspeak for the “individualism and eccentricity” suggested by a person’s choice to spend time alone instead of engaging in communal recreations.
- A “steamer” is what the proles call a rocket bomb.
(The entire section is 267 words.)
- How does Winston think the girl with dark hair probably got her injury?
- What two possibilities does Winston consider before opening the note given to him by the girl with dark hair?
- What does the note actually say?
- Why doesn’t Winston shirk his evening at the Community Center even though he desperately wants to be alone?
- Why does Winston no longer believe the girl might be laying a trap for him?
- What does Winston feel is the “worst and likeliest” of all the possible explanations for why he doesn’t see the girl for three days?
- Where does the girl tell Winston to meet her?
- What church does Winston recognize while waiting for the girl?
- What event do Winston and the girl watch unfold along with the rest of the crowd?
- What station does the girl tell Winston to go to on Sunday afternoon?
- Winston thinks she probably crushed her hand while turning one of the kaleidoscopes used to produce novels in the Fiction Department.
- Winston thinks the note must be a message either from the Thought Police or from an underground organization like the...
(The entire section is 311 words.)
- Why is the countryside dangerous even though there are no telescreens?
- How did Julia first discover her hideout?
- What does the red sash Julia wears around her waist signify?
- What does Julia take out of the pocket of her overalls?
- What does Julia say attracted her to Winston?
- What does the field at the edge of the wood remind Winston of?
- What does Winston wonder about the thrush he and Julia stop to listen to?
- What does Winston tell Julia he hates?
- What force does Winston believe has the power to destroy the Party?
- What type of act does Winston feel sleeping with Julia was?
- The countryside is dangerous because of the presence of hidden microphones and patrols who question Party members and examine their papers.
- Julia first discovered her hideout when she got lost on a community hike.
- Julia’s sash is the emblem of the Junior Anti-Sex League.
- Julia takes a bar of black-market chocolate out of the pocket of her overalls....
(The entire section is 235 words.)
- Where do Winston and Julia meet for their second tryst?
- What does Julia call the type of conversation she and Winston have while walking down the street together?
- What does Julia convince Winston to spend one evening a week doing?
- Where does Julia live?
- What subsection of the Fiction Department was Julia chosen to work in because of her good character?
- Why don’t Winston and Julia consider getting married?
- What does the Newspeak word goodthinkful mean?
- Why does the Party want to repress people’s sexual desires?
- What does Winston tell Julia he almost did on a summer afternoon eleven years ago?
- At the end of the chapter, what does Winston feel Julia is too young to understand?
- Winston and Julia meet in the ruins of a church in an abandoned part of the countryside where an atomic bomb fell thirty years before.
- Julia calls this type of conversation “talking by installments.”
- Julia convinces...
(The entire section is 343 words.)
- Who is singing the song Winston hears through the window of the rented room above Mr. Charrington’s shop?
- What does the Music Department use to produce songs for the proles?
- Where is Winston certain he and Julia will end up before their executions?
- What does Julia bring to the rented room in her tool bag?
- What country does Julia say Oceania has recently captured?
- What does Julia say she will be instead of a Party comrade in the rented room?
- What frightens Winston in the room and reminds him of a recurring nightmare?
- What church is mentioned in the line of the old rhyme that Julia sings?
- How does Julia say she learned the rhyme?
- What does Winston imagine the paperweight represents as he gazes at it?
- The song is being sung by a prole woman hanging washing on a line in a courtyard below the window of the rented room.
- The Music Department produces songs using a machine called a versifactor.
- Winston is certain he and Julia will end up being tortured into confessing in the cellars of the Ministry...
(The entire section is 274 words.)
- What detail is enough to tell Winston that Syme has “ceased to exist”—or rather, has “never existed”?
- For what event are the Ministries preparing?
- What is depicted on the new posters that suddenly appear all over London?
- Why do the proles burn down an old couple’s house?
- What is the only practicable plan Winston and Julia discuss for their future (but do not actually intend to carry out)?
- What does Julia believe is the only way to rebel against the Party?
- What does Julia believe about the rocket bombs that has never occurred to Winston before?
- What does Winston argue about with Julia and eventually convince her of?
- What does Winston tell Julia that she thinks is “brilliantly witty”?
- On whom does Winston think the Party is most successful in imposing its worldview?
- Winston sees that Syme’s name has disappeared from a printed list of the members of the Chess Committee on the notice board in the vestibule of the Records Department.
- The Ministries are preparing for Hate Week.
(The entire section is 315 words.)
- Where does O’Brien approach Winston?
- What about O’Brien’s speech differentiates him from most Inner Party members?
- What compliment does O’Brien give Winston?
- Through what “small act of thoughtcrime” does O’Brien make Winston and himself accomplices?
- What does O’Brien say he noticed about Winston’s article?
- What does O’Brien invite Winston to come to his house to look at?
- What does Winston do with the piece of paper O’Brien gives him?
- Why is it impossible to find out where anyone lives except by asking them directly?
- What is the “one possible meaning” Winston believes the episode with O’Brien could have?
- What is the last step in the process Winston feels started years ago?
- O’Brien approaches Winston in a corridor at the Ministry of Truth near where Julia gave Winston her note.
- O’Brien speaks with a “peculiar grave courtesy.”
- O’Brien compliments Winston on his elegant use of Newspeak in his articles for the
(The entire section is 290 words.)
- How did Winston spend long afternoons as a child?
- What sudden change came over Winston’s mother after his father’s disappearance?
- What is the “never-mentioned thing that was about to happen”?
- What did Winston take from his younger sister?
- What are Reclamation Centers?
- Why does Winston believe his mother possessed “a kind of nobility, a kind of purity”?
- What is important to Winston about the arm gestures made by his mother in his dreams and by the Jewish woman on the news film?
- Why does Winston believe the proles have “stayed human” while Party members like himself and Julia have not?
- What does Winston say would be the “real betrayal”?
- What is the one thing Winston and Julia decide the Party cannot do?
- Winston spent long afternoons scrounging for scraps of food from garbage bins, rubbish heaps, and a road where trucks sometimes dropped bits of cattle feed.
- Winston’s mother suddenly became “completely spiritless,” going about her work very slowly and apparently waiting for something to happen.
(The entire section is 374 words.)
- What privilege does O’Brien say Inner Party members have that surprises Winston and Julia?
- What is O’Brien’s “characteristic gesture”?
- Who is Martin?
- To whose health do O’Brien, Martin, Winston, and Julia drink?
- What is the one thing Winston and Julia say they are not prepared to do on behalf of the Brotherhood?
- How does the Brotherhood alter its members’ identities?
- Why does O’Brien say the Brotherhood can never be wiped out?
- To what idea does Winston suggest he, Julia, and O’Brien drink the last of the wine?
- What does O’Brien tell Winston he will have delivered to him by a man with a briefcase?
- What does Winston ask O’Brien before he leaves, and how does O’Brien answer?
- O’Brien says Inner Party members have the privilege of occasionally turning off their telescreens.
- O’Brien’s characteristic gesture is resettling his glasses on his nose.
- Martin is O’Brien’s servant who is also a member of the Brotherhood; Winston thinks he may be Chinese....
(The entire section is 333 words.)
- What announcement is made during the Hate Week demonstration in the square?
- What has Winston been doing that has kept him from reading the book for six days?
- What three groups of people have existed throughout human history according to Goldstein’s book?
- What are the two aims of the Party?
- What are the two great problems that the Party wants to solve?
- What, according to Goldstein, is the primary aim of modern warfare?
- What is crimestop?
- What is blackwhite?
- What does Goldstein say lies at the very heart of Ingsoc?
- For what two reasons does the Party find it necessary to alter the past?
- The announcement is made that Oceania is at war with Eastasia and allied with Eurasia.
- Winston has been working eighteen hours a day altering records to reflect that Oceania has always been at war with Eastasia.
(The entire section is 372 words.)
- What strikes Winston for the first time about the prole woman singing and hanging laundry in the courtyard?
- What is the one thing Winston and Julia can never do?
- What occurs to Winston about the sky and people all over the world?
- What does Winston believe must be the final message of Goldstein’s book?
- Why does Winston think the future world created by the proles will be alien to him?
- How does Winston think he and Julia can share in the future?
- Where does the “iron voice” that addresses Winston and Julia come from?
- What does the “quite different voice” that follows the iron voice say?
- What does Winston think when he sees the fragment of coral from the broken paperweight?
- What does Winston realize about Mr. Charrington?
- Winston is struck by the thought that the prole woman is beautiful.
- The one thing Winston and Julia can never do is have a child together.
- It occurs to Winston that the sky is the same all over the world, and so are people all over the world.
(The entire section is 312 words.)
- What difference does Winston observe between the Party prisoners and the “common criminals” in the prison where he is first taken after his arrest?
- Where do most of the prole prisoners expect to be sent?
- Why does Winston think the woman prisoner the guards drop on his lap could conceivably be his mother?
- What does Winston hope O’Brien and the Brotherhood might send him while he is imprisoned at the Ministry of Love?
- Why does Ampleforth believe he has been arrested?
- What are Winston’s only six thoughts while he waits in the cell?
- Who denounced Parsons for thoughtcrime?
- Where does the starving man try to prevent the guards from taking him?
- What does Winston realize he has always known?
- Which question is answered for Winston when the guard strikes his elbow with the truncheon?
- While the Party prisoners are “silent and terrified,” the common criminals seem not to care about their fate; they fight back, eat smuggled food, and yell at or try to get cigarettes from the guards.
(The entire section is 352 words.)
- What happens to Winston during the preliminary phase of his interrogation?
- What happens during the next phase?
- How does Winston think of O’Brien during his interrogation?
- What does O’Brien show to Winston before dropping it down a memory hole?
- What fact does O’Brien say Winston must relearn?
- What is O’Brien trying to get Winston to see by turning the dial?
- Why does the Party bring people to the Ministry of Love?
- How does O’Brien say the Party differs from the Inquisition of the Middle Ages or the Russian Communists?
- Why does O’Brien say Winston’s mind appeals to him?
- To what question does O’Brien tell Winston he will never know the answer?
- Winston is repeatedly beaten by groups of guards.
- Winston is mercilessly interrogated by Party intellectuals until he confesses to all kinds of crimes.
- Winston thinks of O’Brien as the director of his interrogation and a combination of tormentor, protector, inquisitor, and friend.
(The entire section is 305 words.)
- What are the three stages of Winston’s reintegration?
- What does Winston initially believe to be the Party’s motive for seeking power?
- Why does the Party really seek power?
- How does O’Brien say an individual can become immortal and all-powerful?
- What does O’Brien say about the nature of reality?
- How, according to O’Brien, does one person assert power over another?
- What does O’Brien tell Winston to imagine if he wants “a picture of the future”?
- What is Oceanic civilization founded on?
- What principle does Winston believe will one day defeat the Party?
- What is the one degradation Winston says has not happened to him?
- The three stages of reintegration are learning, understanding, and acceptance.
- Winston initially believes the Party seeks power for the good of the majority.
- The Party seeks power for power’s sake.
- An individual can become immortal and all-powerful by escaping his or her identity and merging with the...
(The entire section is 226 words.)
- What three phrases does Winston write on the slate?
- What dangerous thought occurs to Winston that prompts him to train himself in crimestop?
- What is the “unspoken tradition” about how the Party executes people?
- What happens that causes Winston to cry out?
- What does Winston inadvertently confess with his cry?
- What does Winston believe is freedom?
- What last change does O’Brien say must take place in Winston?
- What is the worst thing in the world in Winston’s case?
- What explanation does O’Brien give for what is done to people in Room 101?
- What does Winston realize is the one way he can save himself?
- Winston writes “FREEDOM IS SLAVERY,” “TWO AND TWO MAKE FIVE,” and “GOD IS POWER.”
- The dangerous thought that occurs to Winston is that O’Brien couldn’t really float off the floor like a bubble; this would only be a shared hallucination, not a real event.
- The unspoken tradition...
(The entire section is 335 words.)
- Where and how does Winston now spend most of his time?
- What has Winston been worrying about off and on all day?
- What does Winston think is symbolized by the idea that in chess “white always mates”?
- What does Winston write in the dust on the table?
- To what does Winston compare the way Julia’s body feels now?
- What reason do Winston and Julia give for no longer feeling the way they once did about each other?
- What is Winston’s new job?
- What does Winston think of his memory of playing snakes and ladders with his mother and sister?
- What does the voice on the telescreen announce after the trumpet call?
- What “final, indispensable, healing change” occurs in Winston after the announcement?
- Winston now spends most of his time at a corner table in the Chestnut Tree Café, doing the chess problems in the newspaper and drinking Victory Gin.
- Winston has been worrying about the news of the war in Central Africa, where the Eurasian army is advancing and threatening Oceania’s territory.
(The entire section is 308 words.)