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What are some examples of irony in part 2, chapter 4, of 1984?

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Irony in literature is when events turn out the opposite of what is expected (situational irony) or when words end up meaning the opposite of what is expected (verbal irony).

Situational irony occurs in Winston's acceptance of Mr. Charrington as the aging prole he presents himself to be. Winston is entirely wrong when he thinks that Mr. Charrington

was obviously glad of the few dollars that it [renting the room] would bring him.

In fact, Mr. Charrington couldn't care less about the money: he is a member of the Thought Police and wants to trap Julia and Winston. He is more powerful than Winston, not less powerful, as Winston believes.

When Winston thinks

It was as though they were intentionally stepping nearer to their graves

by renting the room, the thought is also an example of irony. They are already in their graves. Unbeknownst to Julia and Winston, they have already been filmed and recorded making love in the woods, and Winston's diary has already been read. Renting the room doesn't matter at all, and it is thus ironic that Winston worries about it.

Julia is able to finish the nursery rhyme about oranges and lemons, stating,

Here comes a candle to light you to bed, here comes a chopper to chop off your head!

Ironically, she doesn't know that the words describe how Mr. Charrington is treating them—both leading them to their bed in the room above his shop and, in the future, being the agent who will arrest them.

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There is quite a bit of irony that surrounds the room that Winston rents from Mr. Charrington. He obtains the rented room easily enough. Mr. Charrington does not even bat a lash when Winston is obviously using the room for a love affair. He tells Winston that, "Privacy, he said, was a very valuable thing."Privacy and the thought of it are virtually impossible because it is impossible to know just how far the hand of the Party reaches. This statement becomes very ironic later when it is Mr. Charrington who has been watching from behind the painting and it is Mr. Charrington who turns Winston and Julia in to the thought police- Mr. Charrington works for the Party. Toward the end of the chapter Julia looks at the painting on the wall and suggests that there might be bugs behind it and that one day she would take it down and give it a good cleaning. It is ironic because she doesn't clean it, but had she tried she would have found that the picture was a telescreen and Mr. Charrington had been watching them through it, gathering evidence every time they met.

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