What is newspeak and its purpose according to Syme in 1984?

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Newspeak is the official language of the fictional state of Oceania. Oceania is a totalitarian state featured in George Orwell's dystopian fiction novel 1984 (published in 1949). The language uses English characters and words, but in simplified form. Newspeak is, in this way, a simplification of English. Newspeak is...

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also an artificial (or controlled) language, which means its basic paradigms are artificially developed rather than having developed naturally. The simplification of the language is representative of the state in which it was developed trying to "diminish the range of thought" (Orwell).

One representative example of Newspeak is that antonyms are replaced using the prefix "un-" with simple, positive adjectives (i.e. "ungood" replaces "bad"). Additionally adjectives and nouns are often conflated into one word, just as "goodthink," a term used to denote thoughts approved by the Socialist Party.

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