How do I cite the novel 1984 or a website in MLA format?

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When citing sources it is important to cite them in two different ways; an in-text citation within the body of your paper and on the works cited page at the end of your paper.

When citing a novel on the works cited page in MLA format you can follow this format:

Author's Last name, First name. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

So, the novel, 1984 would appear as follows:

Orwell, George. 1984. London: Secker and Warburg, 1949. Print.

When citing a website on the works cited page in MLA format you can follow this format:

Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number. Name of sponsor or publisher, date of resource creation (if available). Medium of publication. Date of access.

So if you were citing the eNotes website if would appear like this: 

"Study Guides, Lesson Plans, Homework Help, Answers & More -", n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2015.

When creating an in-text citation:

It is important that you include a parenthetical citation after you implement a quote in your paper. Typically they look like this, (Orwell 100). Make sure that the parenthetical citation comes after the quotation marks. Furthermore, you can follow the same in-text citation rules for a website (Author 100). Lastly, if you cannot find the author (particularly for websites), it is ok to use the title of the work you are citing. 

There are a ton of great resources out there. Easybib can format your MLA citations for you and Purdue OWL is a great resource if you want to try to figure it out!


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MLA requires two different parts to proper citation.  Unless your instructor has said otherwise, you should do these two things:

1.  In-text citation:  Right after you quote a passage from a book, or otherwise cite part of a written work, you should use parenthetical citations.  That means that you put the author's name in parentheses and then the page number the information came from.  In your case, this might look something like this:  (Orwell, 14).  If you quoted, make sure the parentheses fall outside the quote marks.  If you've cited the same author once already, and haven't cited anyone else since, you can just put the page number without the author's name  - for example:  (26).  

2.  You should also use a works-cited page to list all the sources you used.  In MLA format, there is a specific order you have to list the information in.  The standard format looks like this:

Last name, First Name.  Title.  City: Publisher.  Year.

For 1984, you would fill in each of the pieces of information like this:

Orwell, George. 1984. London: Secker and Warburg, 1949.

Be sure you cite all your sources in this way.  

If you get stuck, you can check the Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab) to get MLA format for almost any type of source, including different types of web pages.  It's a great resource.  

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A novel should always be cited in the following format:

Last name, First Name. Title. City: Publisher, Year.

For 1984 that would look like this:

Orwell, George. 1984. London: Secker and Warburg, 1949.

As for the electronic citation, it would depend on the webpage and its contents. I can at least give you a general citation for webpages according to the MLA style (the style always used for literary papers):

Complete publication information may not be available for a Web site; provide what is given.

Title of the Site. Editor. Date and/or Version Number. Name of Sponsoring Institution. Date of Access .

For example:
Encyclopedia Mythica. 2004. 13 May 2004 .

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