How does Orwell describe and analyze the future in the novel 1984?

Quick answer:

In 1984 by George Orwell, the author presents a vision of the future where everything is just terrible. Winston Smith's life is miserable, meaningless and frustrating. He dares to rebel against this world, but it is impossible because of the Party and its control over people. It has created a language called Newspeak which is used to limit human thought and freedom. Its ultimate goal is to make citizens loyal to Big Brother and the Party only. And well, if we are asked about how his vision of the future would be analyzed, I think that it would be like this: The key points in the novel are: - The society described in 1984 shows how a totalitarian government can affect people's lives

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Orwell paints a very bleak vision of the future. It is a future where a once powerful nation is constantly in a state of war. Oceania's citizenry have been stripped of all civil rights and must show complete loyalty to 'Big Brother'. It is a society where truth can only be found through the dogma of the governing party. Indeed, the very language of the society (Newspeak) is moulded to create a citizenry which can be constantly manipulated. Compassion, creativity, privacy and individuality are all completely absent in the society of the future which Orwell created.

"It was a good hanging," said Syme reminiscently. "I think it spoils it when they tie their feet together. I like to see them kicking. And above all, at the end, the tongue sticking right out, and blue - a quite bright blue. That's the detail that appeals to me." (p. 52).

Characterization and setting are used very effectively by Orwell to ceate his vision of a dystopian society. The misery and monotony of the protagonist Winston's life is described in vivid detail, while the irony of a society which contains Thoughtpolice, a Ministry of Love and a Ministry of Truth is quite chilling.

Orwell's vision of the future is basically a satirical take on the erosion of civil rights and dangers of overt nationalism and cult followings.     

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