For which one of the following reason he went down in language skill.
A second grader (ESL) missed months of classes for chronic illness. As a result of this he falls behind in language skill. For which one of the following reason he went down in language skill.
- He missed content-area lesson
- Lack of peer interaction
- He missed opportunity to learn
The answer is all of the above, but the most important one is 2: Lack of peer interaction. There are indeed optimal moments for learning in the development of individuals, but when it comes to language, the best way to extend it is by putting it into practice whether it is within the content area or not.
Incidental, interactive, and communicative language are proven to be THE most effective ways to acquire an L2 much more so than formal grammar and language lessons.
This student probably stayed home being tended to by family members who speak the L1 and he cannot communicate in the L2 with his peers. Whatever lesson he missed has nothing to do with his expanding language, and opportunities for learning appear at all times throughout one's lifetime.
Therefore, the answer is 2.